75 terms

med term chap 2

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aden
glands
adip
fat or fatty tissue
anter
front, in front
caud
tail (downward)
cephal
head, brain
cyt
cell
endo
within
exo
Outside, outward
hist
body tissue
ologist
one who studies
ology
study of
path
feeling, disease
plasia
Formation, growth
poster/o
back (of body), behind, posterior
stasis
an abnormal state in which the normal flow of a liquid (such as blood) is slowed or stopped
abdominal cavity
space below the chest containing organs such as the liver, stomach, gallbladder, and intestines; also called the abdomen
adenectomy
removal of a gland
adenocarcinoma
cancerous tumor of glandular tissue
adenoma
tumor composed of glandular tissue
adenomalacia
the abnormal softening of a gland
adenosclerosis
abnormal hardening of a gland
anaplasia
a change in the structure of cells and in their orientation to each other
anatomy
alternative names for the body of a human being
anomoly
Deviation from what is normal
anterior
of or near the head end or toward the front plane of the body
aplasia
failure of some tissue or organ to develop
bloodborne transmission
the spread of a disease through contact with blood or other body fluids that are contaminated with blood
caudal
toward the posterior end of the body
cephalic
pertaining to the head
chromosones
thread like structures that carry the codes for inherited traits
communicable disease
a disease that can be communicated from one person to another
congenital disorder
a defect that is present at birth
cytoplasm
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended
distal
situated farthest from point of attachment or origin, as of a limb or bone
dorsal
back
dysplasia
abnormal development or growth of cells, tissues, or organs
endemic
a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser degree in people of a certain class or in people living in a particular location
endocrine
any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
endocrine glands
glands of the endocrine system that release hormones into the bloodstream
epidemic
a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease
epigastric region
region above the stomach
etiology
the cause of a disease
exocrine glands
gland that releases its secretions through tubelike structures called ducts
functional disorder
disorder showing symptoms for which no physiological or anatomical cause can be identified
genetic disorder
a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically
geriatrician
a physician who specializes in the care of older people
hemophilia
congenital tendency to uncontrolled bleeding
histology
The study of tissues
homestasis
the tendency of a system, esp. the physiological system of higher animals, to maintain internal stability, owing to the coordinated response of its parts to any situation or stimulus tending to disturb its normal condition or function.
hyperplasia
abnormal increase in number of cells
hypertrophy
abnormal enlargement of a body part or organ
hypogastric region
region below the navel
hypoplasia
underdevelopment of an organ because of a decrease in the number of cells
iatrogenic illness
an unfavorable response due to prescribed medical treatment
infectious disease
a disease transmitted only by a specific kind of contact
inguinal
of or relating to or near the groin
medial
toward the midline of the body
mesentery
a membrane that attaches the small intestine to the abdominal wall
midsaggital plane
Divides the body into equal right & left halves
nosocomial infection
an infection acquired during hospitalization
pendemic
disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population
pelvic cavity
contains the reproductive organs and urinary bladder.
peritoneum
Membrane surrounding the organs in the abdomen
peritonitis
inflammation of the peritoneum
phenylketonuria
a genetic disorder in which the body cannot metabolize phenylalanine
physiology
processes and functions of an organism
posterior
the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on
proximal
situated nearest to point of attachment or origin
retroperitoneal
Behind the peritoneum of the abdominal cavity
stem cells
unspecialized cells that retain the ability to become a wide variety of specialized cells
thoracic cavity
the cavity in the vertebrate body enclosed by the ribs between the diaphragm and the neck and containing the lungs and heart
transverse plane
horizontal division of the body into upper and lower portions
umbilicus
belly button
vector borne transmission
a vector is an animal or flying or crawling insect that serves as an intermediate means of transporting the infectious agent
ventral
toward or on or near the belly (front of a primate or lower surface of a lower animal)