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Civics

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Amendment
Any change to the constitution
Appropriation
A bill that gives a certain amount of money to government programs to spend
Articles
This part of the constitution explains how the government works
Bicameral
a legislatuer that has two or more houses or parts
Capitalism
idea that allows people to own businesses and property
Citizen
Community member that owes their loyalty to the government
Civics
The study of the rights and duties of all citizens
Civil liberty
Freedom to think and axct how you want without government interference
Committee
Small group of people within a larger group that has a specific purpose
Concurring opinion
An opinion written by a justice in the majority but for diffrent reasons
Constitution
A written plan for government
Defamatory speech
False speech that damages a person's reputation
Democracy
A government in which the people rule
Dissenting opinion
An opinion written by a justice disagreeing with the majority
Economy
Organized system used to manage a country's resources and productivity
Elector
A person appointed to vote in the Electoral college.
Exclusive jurisdiction
Authority of only federal courts to hear and decide certain cases
Expressed powers
powers in the constitution used only by the national government
Federal bureaucracy
Includes cabinet departments, independent agencies and their workers
Federalism
Government system where power is shared between tha national and state levels
Fillibuster
The act of talking a bill to death
Free enterprise
Businesses can compete with others for profit without government interference
General election
an election in whichvoters choose people for various offices
Government
The ruling authority of a comunity
Impeach
Accusing a government official of misconduct
Judicial review
Power to say wether laws or actions are constitutional
Legislature
A law-making group of people
Majority
Getting more that half of the votes available
Naturalization
A legal process needed to follow in order to obtain citizenship
Original jurisdiction
Authority of a court to hear a case for the first time
Pardon
Legally releasing a person from their punishment by the president
Political appointee
A person hired by the president to a federal position
Political Party
Voters with common beliefs who wans to control the government
Preamble
This part of the constitution explains the purpose of the constitution
Primary election
An election where voters choose candidates to run for presidency
Prior Restraint
The censorship of information before it has been published or broadcasted
Public opinion
Ideas or attitudes that people hold about an issue
Reapportionment
The redistribution of representatives amongst the states following a census
Remand
To send a case back to a lower court to be tried again
Reprieve
The postponment of a persons' punishment by the president
Reserved powers
powers kept for the state to use
Scarcity
the fundimental economic problems
Seditious speech
Urging resistance to or promoting the overthrow of the government
Treaty
An agreement made between governments of two or mre countries
Winner-take-all-system
Whoever gets the most popular votes gets all the electoral votes from a state
Veto
the act of refusing to sign a bill
Voting
The right to choose candidates to run for president.