AP Human Geography Unit 5 Agriculture
Terms in this set (47)
Characteristics of farmers or their way of life.
Commercial agriculture characterized by the integration of different steps in the food-processing industry, usually through ownership by large operations. Basically every business in the food industry.
The total number of farmers divided by the total amount of land sustainable for agriculture.
The time when human beings first domesticated plants and animals and no longer relied entirely on hunting and gathering.
The science of breeding and caring for farm animals.
The farming of aquatic organisms.
Bio teach crated to manipulate plants.
Central place theory
A theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and farther apart than smaller settlement and provide services for a larger number of people who at willing to travel farther.
A grass that yields grain for food.
A geographical feature on land such as a valley, bridge, or a straight at sea which an armed force is forced to pass, therefore greatly decreasing its combat, in order to reach get its objective.
Clustered vs dispersed rural settlement
Clustered=close houses and farms like villages.
Dispersed=isolated farms and farmers .
A machine that harvests, threshes and clears grain crops.
Agriculture undertaken to primarily generate products for sale off the farm.
The practice of using different crops on fields each year, to avoid exhausting the soil.
Is the deliberate act of planting plants for food.
The deliberate act of breeding or mating animals for benefit.
Harvesting twice a year from the same field.
Land plowed and left unseeded for a season or more.
Genetically modified organisms
Rapid diffusion of new agriculture technology, especially new high-yield seeds and fertilizers.
A ring of land maintained as parks, agriculture, or other types of open space to limit the spawn of an urban area.
Growing of fruits, vegetables, flowers and trees.
The area surrounding a city from which milk is supplied. (The inner ring in Von Thunens model)
Farming strategy in which large fields are planted with a single crop, year after year.
Malay word for wet rice, commonly but incorrectly used to describe a Sawah.
A form of subsistence agriculture based on heeding domesticated animals.
Production system based on a large estate owned by an individual, family, or corporation and organized to produce a cash crop. Almost all plantations were established within the tropics; in recent decades, many have been divided into smaller holdings or reorganized as cooperatives.
Primary sector of economics
The portion of the economy concerned with the direct extraction of materials from the Earth's surface, generally through agriculture, although sometimes by mining, fishing, and forestry.
Land created by the Dutch by draining water from an area.
Information , ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc.
A flooded field for growing rice.
Secondary sector of economics
The portion of the economy concerned with manufacturing useful products through processing, transforming, and assembling raw materials.
Reproduction of plants through animal introduction of seeds.
A person who works fields rented from a landowner and pays the rent and repays loans by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops.
A form of subsistence agriculture where people shift activity from one field to another; each field is used for crops for a relatively few years and left alone for a relatively long period.
Slash and burn agriculture
Another name for shifting cultivation, named because fields are cleared by slashing the vegetation and burning the debris.
Soils (chernozem, loess, humus, top soil)
Agriculture designed primarily to provide food for the direct consumption by the farmer and the farmers family.
Farming methods the preserve long-term productivity of land and minimize pollution, typically by rotating soil restoring crops with cash crops and reducing inputs of fertilizers and pesticides.
A patch of land cleared for planting through slashing and burning.
Tertiary sector of economics
The portion of the economy concerned with transportation, communications, and utilities, sometimes extended to the provision of all goods and services to people in exchange for payment.
The seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures.
Reproduction of plants by direct cloning from existing plants (cutting roots and placing them in the ground).
To remove remove husk of grain by allowing it to be blown away by the wind.
Trading leftover food from subsistence agriculture for other food from other farmers.