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Terms in this set (20)
a comparison between one thing and another, typically for explanation or clarification:
No more be grieved at that which thou hast done:
Roses have thorns, and silver fountains mud.
the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive lines (or clauses, in prose):
All shuffle there, all cough in ink,
All wear the carpet with their shoes,
All think what other people think;
All know the man their neighbor knows.
a disappointing end to an exciting or impressive series of events:
In silk, in crepes, in Garters, and in rags.
a rhetorical or literary device in which an opposition or contrast of ideas is expressed:
For I have sworn thee fair, and thought thee bright,
Who art as black as hell, as dark as night.
list of different formulations of the same thing:
The Mind of Man,
My haunt, and the main region of my song.
a list (often, but not always, of the beautiful features of the beloved):
The leaden-eyed shark, the walrus, the turtle, the hairy sea-leopard.
a rhetorical or literary figure in which words, grammatical constructions, or concepts are repeated in reverse order:
By brooks too broad for leaping
The lightfoot boys are laid;
The rose-lipt girls are sleeping
In fields where roses fade.
[brooks : boys :: girls : fields]
direct comparison between two unlike things without "like" or "as":
Church bells beyond the stars heard, the soul's blood,
The land of spices; something understood.
the substitution of the name of an attribute or adjunct for that of the thing meant:
four beating wings, two beaks, a swirling mass
a seemingly absurd or contradictory statement or proposition which when investigated may prove to be well founded or true:
There is in God, some say,
A deep but dazzling darkness.
the use of successive verbal constructions in poetry or prose which correspond in grammatical structure, sound, meter, meaning, etc:
These are thy wonders, Lord of Power...
These are thy wonders, Lord of Love.
the use of indirect and circumlocutory speech or writing:
The Peer now spreads the glittering forfex wide
the attribution of personal nature or human characteristics to something non-human, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form:
Love is swift of foot,
Love's a man of war.
a joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings:
Therefore I lie with her, and she with me,
And in our faults by lies we flattered be.
a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid:
Like as the waves make toward the pebbled shore,
So do our minutes hasten to their end.
a figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa:
a figure of speech in which a word applies to two others in different senses:
Or stain her honor, or her new brocade.
a figure of speech in which one sense is described using terms from another:
Back to the region where the sun is silent.
I'll love you, dear, I'll love you
Till China and Africa meet
And the river jumps over the mountain
And the salmon sing in the street.
I'll love you till the ocean
Is folded and hung up to dry.
a figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction:
parting is such sweet sorrow
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