The Sonnet Form
The word sonnet comes from the Italian word sonnetto, which means
The Shakespearean sonnet almost always
follows the same format.
14 lines with approximately 10 syllables each.
Each line of the sonnet is written in
The prefix pent means
A line of iambic pentameter consists of
10 syllables, or 5 iambs of 2 syllables each.
An iamb is
an "unstressed" ("U") syllable followed by a "stressed" ("/") syllable.
Shakespearean sonnets always have the same rhyme scheme:
ABABCDCDEFEFGG, enging with the rhyming couplet, or 2 rhyming lines.