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Foodborn Illnesses and their causes

Foodborne Illnesses caused by viruses, Bacteria, Parasites and Toxins
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Hepatitis A
virus found in the feces of infected people. Transfered when food, water or equipment are tuched by fingers contaminated by feces. small amounts can cause illness and carrier may go weeks without symptoms. cooking does not destroy the virus.
Symptoms commonly related to Hepatitis A
Mild Fever; General weakness; nausea; abdominal pain; and Jaundice in late stages
Foods commonly related to Hepatitis A
Ready-to-eat;
Shellfish from contaminated water
Pervention of Hepatitis A
Exclude sick employees;
wash hands;
minimize bare hand contact with food;
buy from reputable and approved suppliers
Noro-virus Gastroenteritis
Virus Linked to ready-to-eat foods & contaminated water. Transfered when food is tuched by feces contaminated fingers. small amounts make people sick & highly contagious within a few hours; contagens remain for days after symptoms have ended
What virus causes Noro-virus Gastroenteritis
Noro-virus
Symptoms commonly related to Noro-virus Gastroenteritis
vomiting; diarrhea; nausea; abdominal cramps
Foods commonly related to Noro-virus Gastroenteritis
Ready-to-eat;
Shellfish from contaminated water
Pervention of Noro-virus Gastroenteritis
Exclude sick employees;
wash hands;
minimize bare hand contact with food;
buy from reputable and approved suppliers
Bacillus, Cereus, Gastroenteritis
spore forming bacteria found in soil.; When allowed to grow to high levels; Bacteria produces; 2 different toxins; that cause; 2 different illnesses
What Bacteria causes Bacillus Cereus Gastroenteritis
Bacillus Cereus
Symptoms commonly related to Bacillus Cereus Gastroenteritis Diarrhea
watery diarrhea
No vomiting or Nausea
Symptoms commonly related to Bacillus Cereus Gastroenteritis Vomiting
nausea
Vomiting
no diarrhea
Foods commonly related to Bacillus Cereus Gastroenteritis diarrhea
cooked vegies; meat products; milk
Symptoms commonly related to Bacillus Cereus Gastroenteritis Vomiting
cooked rice dishes including fried rice and rice pudding
Pervention of Bacillus Cereus Gastroenteritis
cook food to minimum internal temperature;
hold at proper temperature;
cool correctly
Listeriosis
Bacteria found in soil, water, and plants. grows in cool moist environments. uncommon in healthy people; but high-risk populations are vulnerable
What bacteria causes Listeriosis
Listeria; (Monocytogenes) mon-o-si-ta-hj-uh-neez
Symptoms commonly related to Listeriosis
pragnant women = miscarriages
newborns = sepsis; Pneumonia; Meningitis
Foods commonly related to Listeriosis
Raw meat; unpasteurized dairy; ready-to-eat foods
Pervention of Listeriosis
throw out expired food items;
cook meat to minimum internal temperature;
prevent cross-contamination
avoid unpasteurized dairy
shiegellosis
Bacteria found in feces of humans who have consumed contaminated food or water. flies also transfer bacteria from feces to food. small amounts will make people sick. High levels can remain in feces for weeks after symptoms end
what bacteria causes shiegellosis
Shigella
Symptoms commonly related to shiegellosis
bloody diarrhea;
abdominal pain and cramps;
occasionally fever
Foods commonly related to shiegellosis
ready-to-eat foods;
food contaminated by contaminated water
Pervention of shiegellosis
exclude sick employees;
wash hands;
control flies inside and outside of operation
Staphylococcal, Gastroenteritis
Bacteria found in human hair, nose, throat, and infected cuts. Transmition occurs when carrier tuches these areas and fails to wash hands. if allowed to grow to high numbers toxins that can not be destroyed by cooking or freezing will be released
what bacteria causes Staphylococcal Gastroenteritis
Staphylococcus, Aureus
Symptoms commonly related to Staphylococcal Gastroenteritis
nausea;
vomiting and retching;
abdominal cramps
Foods commonly related to Staphylococcal Gastroenteritis
ready-to-eat foods
Pervention of Staphylococcal Gastroenteritis
wash hands and arms;
cover wounds on hands and arms;
hold, cool, and reheat correctly.
Vibrio, Gastroenteritis, and Virbio, Vulnificus, primary, Septicemia
Bacteria found in water around shellfish harvesting locations.; Will grow rapidly in temperature danger zone.; people with chronic illnesses, such as diabetes, can contract, primary, Septicemia, which can cause death
what bacteria causes Vibrio Gastroenteritis and Virbio Vulnificus primary Septicemia
Virbio, Vulnificus, and Vibio, (parahaemolyticus), vib-ree-o-pair-uh-hee-mo-lit-ih-kus
Symptoms commonly related to Vibrio Gastroenteritis and Virbio Vulnificus primary Septicemia
diarrhea;
abdominal cramps & nausea;
vomiting;
low-grade fever & chills
Foods commonly related to Vibrio Gastroenteritis and Virbio Vulnificus primary Septicemia
Oysters from contaminated water
Pervention of Vibrio Gastroenteritis and Virbio Vulnificus primary Septicemia
cook to minimum internal temperature
Anisakiasis
parasite found in raw or undercooked fish
What Parasite causes Anisakiasis
Anisakis simplex
Symptoms commonly related to Anisakiasis
tingling in the throat;
coughing up worms
Foods commonly related to Anisakiasis
raw and under cooked fish such as; herring; cod; halibut; Mackerel; pacific samon
Pervention of Anisakiasis
cook fish to minimum internal temperature;
if serving raw or undercooked; purchase sushi-grade fish that has been frozen properly
(Cryptosporidiosis) krip-toh-id-ee-o-sis
parasite found in feces of infected people. Transmition occurs when food is tuched by contaminated fingers.;; day-cares and medical communities have high person-to-person contamination.;; symptoms are more severe in weekend immune systems
What Parasite causes (Cryptosporidiosis) krip-toh-id-ee-o-sis
(Cryptosporidium parvum) krip-toh-spor-id-ee-um,.; par-vum
Symptoms commonly related to (Cryptosporidiosis) krip-toh-id-ee-o-sis
watery diarrhea;
abdominal cramps;
nausea;
weight loss
Foods commonly related to (Cryptosporidiosis) krip-toh-id-ee-o-sis
contaminated water;
produce
Pervention of (Cryptosporidiosis) krip-toh-id-ee-o-sis
properly treated water;
Exclude sick employees;
wash hands
Giardiasis
parasite found in the feces of infected people. transmition occurs when food is tuched with contaminated fingers
What Parasite causes Giardiasis
Giardia, duodenalis, AKA, G. lambia or G. intestinalis
Symptoms commonly related to Giardiasis
fever in early stages;
in advanced stages;
diarrhea;
abdominal cramps;
nausea
Foods commonly related to Giardiasis
improperly treated water;
produce
Pervention of Giardiasis
properly treated water;
exclude sick employees;
wash hands
Scombroid, poisoning
AKA histamine poisoning.; caused by consuming high levels of histamine found in some fish species. toxin is released by bacteria on Time temperature abused fish. can not be destroyed by cooking, freezing, smoking, or curing
What Toxin causes Scombroid, poisoning
histamine
Symptoms commonly related to Scombroid, poisoning
early stages;
reddening of face & neck;
sweating;
headache;
burning or tingling sensation in mouth or throat.;.;
late stages;
diarrhea;
vomiting
Foods commonly related to Scombroid, poisoning
Tuna; bonito; Mackerel; Mahi mahi
Pervention of Scombroid, poisoning
prevent time tempature abuse during storage and perparation
cigautera, fish, poisoning
Cigua-toxin found in certain marine algae.; builds up in fish that eat fish that have eaten toxic algae. cannot be smelled or tasted & is not destroyed by cooking or freezing.; symptoms can last months or years depending on severity
What Toxin causes cigautera, fish, poisoning
Cigua-toxin
Symptoms commonly related to cigautera, fish, poisoning
reversal of hot and cold sensations;
nausea;
vomiting;
tingling in fingers, lips, and toes;
joint and muscle pain
Foods commonly related to cigautera, fish, poisoning
predatory tropical fish from pacific ocean; western indean ocean; & caribbean sea; examples include; Barracuda; Grouper; Jacks; Snapper
Pervention of cigautera, fish, poisoning
purchase from approved, reputable, suppliers
Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning; PSP
Saxi-toxin Contamination occures when shellfish filter toxins out of algae. eating contaminated shellfish causes illness. Toxin cannot be smelled or tasted or destroyed by heat or freezing. death from paralysis may accure in extreem cases
PSP
Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning
What Toxin causes Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning; PSP
Saxi-toxin
Symptoms commonly related to Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning; PSP
numbness;
tingling of mouth, face, arms, & legs;
dizziness;
nausea;
vomiting;
diarrea;
death in extreem cases
Foods commonly related to Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning; PSP
cold water shellfish from places such as the pacific & new england coast; examples include; clams; mussels; oysters; scallops
Pervention of Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning; PSP
purchase from approved, reputable, suppliers
Neuro-toxin Shellfish poisoning; NSP
Breve-toxin Contamination occures when toxins are filtered out of algae by shellfish. eating contaminated shellfish will cause illness. Toxin can not be smelled or tasted or destroyed by heat or freezing.
NSP
Neuro-toxin Shellfish poisoning
What Toxin causes Neuro-toxin Shellfish poisoning; NSP
Breve-toxin
Symptoms commonly related to Neuro-toxin Shellfish poisoning; NSP
tingling & numbness of lips; tongue; & throat;
dizziness;
reversal of hot & cold sensations;
vomiting;
diarrea;
Foods commonly related to Neuro-toxin Shellfish poisoning; NSP
wormer water shelfish typically from the west coast of florida; gulf of mexico; and the caribean sea; examples include; clams; mussels; oysters
Pervention of Neuro-toxin Shellfish poisoning; NSP
purchase from approved, reputable, suppliers
Amnesic Shellfish poisoning; ASP
Domoic Acid Contamination occures when shellfish filter toxins from algae. Eating contaminated shellfish causes illness. severity and Symptoms very by amount & health. Toxin cannot be smelled or tasted or destroyed by heat or freezing.
ASP
Amnesic Shellfish poisoning
What Toxin causes Amnesic Shellfish poisoning; ASP
Domoic Acid
Symptoms commonly related to Amnesic Shellfish poisoning; ASP
early stages:
Vomiting; diarrhea; abdominal pain;
late stages:
confusion; memory loss; disorientation; seizure; coma
Foods commonly related to Amnesic Shellfish poisoning; ASP
shelfish found in coastal waters of pacific north west and east coast of canada; examples include: Clams; mussels; oysters; scallops
Pervention of Amnesic Shellfish poisoning; ASP
purchase from approved, reputable, suppliers