85 terms

Physical growths

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Average newborn weighs
7 lbs 8 oz at birth
Newborn loses up to how much of their body weight the first 5 days?
10 %
Average newborn regains their birthweight lose in how many days?
10 to 14 days
Most infants_____ their birthweight by 4 to 6 months?
double
Most infants_____ their birthweight by 1 year old
triple
Average newborn length is?
19 to 21 inches
During first 6 months, length increases by?
1 inch per month
From 6 to 12 months an infant's length grows?
a half inch per month
Average head circumference for the full term newborn is?
13 to 14 inches
Head circumference is about?
1 inch larger than chest circumference
Average chest circumference in a newborn is?
12 to 13 inches
Head circumference growth in the first 6 months is?
0.6 inches per month
Head circumference growth from 6 to 12 months is?
0.2 inches per month
By 6 months of age the infant's brain weighs about_____ that of an adult.
half
At age 12 months, the brain has grown considerably, weighing ______ times that it did at birth.
2 1/2
Anterior fontanels close when?
12 to 18 months (may close as early as 9 months)
Infants may experience physiologic anemia at age?
2 to 3 months
Newborn is nearsighted, preferring to view objects at a distance of
8 to 15 inches
inocularity begins to develop at ____ weeks and is well established at _____ months of age.
6 weeks
4 months
Full color vision, distance vision, and ability to track objects develops at what age?
7 months
____ day old infant can differentiate the smell of his mother's breast milk from that of another womans.
7 day old
Toddlers gains in height and weight tend to grow in
spurts
Average toddler gains?
3 to 5 pounds per year
Average toddler length increases by?
3 inches per year
Toddler generally reach about half of their adult height by ?
2 years of age
Toddler head circumference increases by an average of ___ inch from when the child is between 1 and 2 years of age, then increases an average of ______ per year until age 5.
1 inch
1/2 inch
Head size becomes more proportional to the rest of the body near the age of ?
3 years
Brain raches 90% of it's adult size by?
2 years of age
Myelination of brain and spinal cord is complete around age ____?
2
Alveoli reach adult numbers at around ____ years of age?
7
Bladder and kidney functions reach adult levels by?
16 to 24 months of age
Toddler's vision should be around??
20/50 to 20/40
Average preschool age child will grow_____ per year?
2.5 to 3 inches
Average 3 year old is how tall?
37 inches
Average 4 year old is how tall?
40.5 inches
Average 5 year old is how tall?
43 inches
Average weight gain of a preschooler is?
5 pounds per year
Average weight of a 3 year old?
32 pounds
Average weight of a 5 year old?
41 pounds
Typical eye sight for a 5 year old is?
20/40 or 20/30
As with toddlers, fruit juices should be limited to __ to __ ounces per day.
4 to 6
Preschool child need how many hours of sleep each day?
12 hours
From ages 6 to 12 years of age, children grow an average of???
2 inches per year
Average weight gain for a 6 to 12 year old is?
average 4 to 6 pounds per year
During the school-age years, all 20 deciduous teeth are lost, replaced by ___ to __ permanent teeth, with the exception of the third molars.
28 to 32
Typical school-age child has ____ visual acuity?
20/20
Girls generally enter puberty when?
9 to 10 years of age
Boys enter puberty when?
10 to 11 years of age
Newborns sleep:
20 hours a day waking frequently
3 month olds sleep
7 to 8 hours per night without waking and taking about 3 naps
12 month olds sleep
8 to 12 hours per night with 2 naps per day
Must learn to soothe themselves??
4 month olds
18 month old requires how much sleep?
13.5 hours
24 month old requires how much sleep?
13 hours
3 year old requires how much sleep?
12 hours
Most children discontinue day time naps around what age?
around 3 years old
Children between the ages of 6 and 8 years old require how many hours of sleep?
12 hours
Children between the ages of 8 and 10 years of age require how many hours of sleep?
10 and 12 hours
Children between the ages of 10 and 12 years of age require how many hours of sleep?
9 to 10 hours
Teens require how many hours of sleep per night?
8 hours
Teens on the weekends may sleep for how long?
10 to 12 hours or until momma or daddy tells them to get their asses up!!
Newborns need how much fluid?
140-160 ml/kg/day
Infants need how much fluid?
100 ml/kg/day for first 10 kg
50 ml/kg/day for next 10 kg
Newborns need how many calories?
105-108 kcal/kg/day
1 to 6 month old infants needs how many calories?
108 kcal/kg
6 to 12 month olds need how many calories?
98 kcal/kg
Toddlers need to consume??
2 milk group servings
3 vegetable group servings
6 grain group servings
2 fruit group servings
2 meat group servings
and eat less fats and sweets
3 to 5 year olds require how much calcium and iron daily?
500 to 800 mg calcium and 10 mg iron daily
3 year old should consumehow many mg of dietary fiber daily?
19 mg
4 to 8 year old requires how many mg of dietary fiber per day?
25 mg
Typical preschooler requires about _____kcal/kg of body weight?
85 kcal/kg
School-age chldren need about how many calories per day?
1,400 to 2,100 calories
Average water requirement for a school-age child is?
1,800 to 2,200 milliliters per day
School-age child needs ____grams of protein and ____milligrams of calcium for maintenance and growth.
28 grams protein
800 milligrams of calcium
Active teenage girls require how many calories?
2,200 calories per day
Active teenage boys who are active require how many calories?
2,500 to 3,000 calories per day
Adolescents require how much calcium per day?
1,200 to 1,500 milligrams
How much iron does adolescent males require?
12 milligrams
How much iron does adolescent females require?
15 milligrams
Protein requirements for adolescent girls are?
46 grams per day
Protein requirements for adolescent boys are?
45 to 49 grams per day
At preschool age, children do not completely understand the concept of death or it's permanence; they may ask?
when their grandparents or pet who died is returning
Preschoolers should have how many deciduous teeth?
20
The preschooler who weighs between ___ and ____ pounds should ride in a booster seat that uses both the lap and shoulder belts?
40 to 80 pounds
Young preschoolers who weigh less than ____ pounds should use a forward-facing car seat with a harness and tether???
40 pounds