American History Chapter 24
Terms in this set (32)
Richard M. Nixon
was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974, when he became the only president to resign the office, started and ended US involvement in Vietnam, involved in Watergate Scandal and resigned due to possible impeachment
system in which the national government restores greater authority back to the states
Giving money back to the state and local government with no strings attached
Family Assistance Plan (FAP)
a welfare reform proposal, approved by the House of Reps in 1970 but defeated in the Senate, that would have guaranteed an income to welfare recipients who agreed to undergo job training and to accept work.
Nixon's plan to persuade conservative southern white voters away from the Democratic party
A period of falling output and rising prices
Organization of Petroleum Exploring Countries (OPEC)
an international economic organization whose member countries all produce and export oil
realistic politics based on the needs of the state
A policy of reducing Cold War tensions that was adopted by the United States during the presidency of Richard Nixon.
SALT I Treaty
a five-year agreement between the U.S. and the Soviet Union, signed in 1972, that limited the nations' numbers of intercontinental ballistic missiles and submarine-launched missiles.
a formal organization of producers that agree to coordinate prices and production
A formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office
1972, The events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters in 1972 and the subsequent cover-up of White House involvement, leading to the eventual resignation of President Nixon under the threat of impeachment, Ford becomes President
Convicted of criminal activity associated with the cover up of the Watergate crimes
Chief domestic advisor
Nixon's former attorney general
Committee to Reelect the President
An organization formed to run President Nixon's 1972 reelection campaign, which was linked to the break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters that set off the Watergate scandal
judge of Watergate; gave tough sentences; ordered Nixon to hand over tapes
Saturday Night Massacre
dismissal of independent special prosecutor Archibald Cox, and the resignations of Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus during the Watergate scandal 1973
Gerald R. Ford
38th president of the US, he became president upon Richard Nixon's resignation; ford later pardoned Nixon for his involvement in the Watergate scandal
1974 became the 39th President, with Vice President Walter Mondale. He secured energy programs, set the framework for Egypt-Israel treaty, and sought to base foreign policy on human rights.
National Energy Act
a law enacted during Carter admin, established a tax on gas-guzzling cars, removed price controls on US oil and natural gas, and provided tax credits for development of alternative energy sources.
the basic rights to which all people are entitled as human beings
Camp David Accords
A peace treaty between Israel and Egypt where Egypt agreed to recognize the nation state of Israel
Ayatollah Ruhollah Kkomeini
led the rebels in overthrowing the shah and establishing a religious state based on strict obedience to the Qur'an
person who tries to persuade someone to support a particular cause
United States biologist remembered for her opposition to the use of pesticides that were hazardous to wildlife (1907-1964)
A holiday conceived of by environmental activist and Senator Gaylord Nelson to encourage support for and increase awareness of environmental concerns; first celebrated on March 22, 1970
a person who participates in environmentalism, a social movement that seeks to protect the environment through lobbying, activism, and education
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
an independent federal agency established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment
Three Mile Island
1979 - A mechanical failure and a human error at this power plant in Pennsylvania combined to permit an escape of radiation over a 16 mile radius.