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US and Texas Constitution
US/Texas Constitution-Week 1
Terms in this set (30)
The Mecklenberg Resolves of May 1775 were
the 1st time Citizens declared the laws of Parliament to be NULL & Void.
Declaration of Independence is
a Resolution introduced by the Continental Congress in June 1776 declaring the 13 Colonies to be Free & Independent of England.
Articles of Confederation of 1778
was our Nations 1st Constitution.
The Constitution was created on
September 17, 1787.
Preamble, Articles & Amendments
3 parts that makeup the Framework of the Constitution.
Establishes Legislative Powers that make the Laws.
Establishes the Executive branch, Term of office of the President & Vice president as well as Enforcing the Law.
Lexington & Concord
where Fighting broke out between England & the Colonies after 1st list or rights were ignored.
Establishes Judicial Branch, also Ensures that ALL Crimes committed in State shall have a Trial in that State.
is the ONLY Law contained w/in the Constitution.
National Supremacy - Federal Law shall take Precedence over State Law.
Right to Freedom of Speech, Religion, Press, Peaceable Assembly & Petition of Grievances against Government.
Free Exercise Clause
Congress will not prohibit the Free Exercise of the rights in 1st Amendment.
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, as stated in Amendment 1.
Right of the people to be secure against Unreasonable search & Seizure.
Indictment by Grand Jury; Double Jeopardy, Self-Incrimination, Due Process of law & NO Private party taken for Public use without just Compensation.
Police Officers are part of what branch
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Primary Function is Release from unlawful imprisonment, does not determine prisoner's guilt or innocence.
An Order from a Court ordering someone to do something.
Private property shall not taken for public use without just compensation.
Right to a Speedy & Public Trial by impartial jury (criminal); Accused may confront witnesses against him/her; may obtain witnesses in favor of; Right to Counsel (criminal).
Excessive bail not required nor Cruel & Unusual Punishments inflicted.
Rights not identified in the Constitution belong to the citizen (Implicit Rights).
Powers not delegated to US by Constitution reserved to the States or the people. (States Rights, Reserved Powers Clause).
No person shall be denied Due Process of Law (Due Process Clause); ALL citizens entitled to equal protection of the laws (Equal Protection Clause); US Law supersedes State Law.
Portions of law which defines the Personal & Property Rights of individuals.
Highest Court for a Civil Action
Highest Court for a Criminal Action
Court of Criminal Appeals
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