Terms in this set (21)
The ratio of total live births to total population over a specified period of time often expressed as the number of live births per 1,000 of the population per year.
the number of deaths per unit usually 1000 of a population in a given place and time
where people live in a country, whether in cities or in rural areas
a graph that shows the ages and sexes in a population, with youngest ages at the bottom.
to move from a country (people who leave a country are emigrants)
the average number of children that would be born to a woman in her lifetime.
Infant Mortality Rate
the number of deaths of infants under one year old per 1,000 live births
the average number of people who live in an unit of area, such as a square mile. Population density measures how crowded an area is.
something that encourages people to leave a place behind.
something that attracts people to a new place.
the number of old young dependents who don't work compared with the working age population
to move to a country (people who move to into another county are called immigrants)
the total fertility rate needed for a population to replace itself
a severe shortage of food that results in a widespread hunger
Rate of Natural Increase
the yearly rate of population growth. This is calculated by subtracting the mortality rate from the birth rate. DOES NOT include immigration and emigration.
Zero population growth
when the population of a country does not grow, but remains stable.
the number of people the environment of an area can support.
a person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster.
rate of people able to read and write
the study of human populations, including how they change due to births, deaths, aging, and migration.
Per Capita Income
average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It's calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population.
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