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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. natural selection
  2. genetic drift
  3. adaptation
  4. bottleneck effect
  5. species
  1. a leads to a loss of genetic diversity when a population is greatly reduced
  2. b process by which individuals that are better suited to their environment survive and reproduce most successfully (survival of the fittest)
  3. c a change in the gene pool of a population due to chance
  4. d a group of organisms whose members can breed and produce fertile offspring but who do not produce fertile offspring with members of other groups
  5. e something that enhances an organism's ability to survive and reproduce in its environment

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. group of individuals of the same species living in the same place at the same time
  2. the geographic distribution of species, suggested to Darwin that organisms evolve from common ancestors
  3. group of small islands located west of South America; the most influential to Darwin during his voyage; each island has a different climate
  4. the change in heritage traits in a population over generations (change over time)
  5. favors intermediate phenotypes acting against both extreme phenotypes

5 True/False questions

  1. comparative embryologycomparison the development among different organisms when they are embryos


  2. microevolutionthe change in heritage traits in a population over generations (change over time)


  3. directional selectionfavors individuals at both extremes of the phenotypic range


  4. differential reproductionacts against individuals at one of the phenotypic extremes


  5. gene poolthe total collection of genes in a population at any given time