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345 Midterm Ch. 5
Terms in this set (14)
What are the factors that influence people's eating patterns?
-Health and nutrition
-Culture and familiarity
How have these factors changed over the decades?
-Farming practices (subsidies, pesticides, etc.)
-Time (women working more)
What are the trends of overweight and obesity for children and adults in the United States?
-Adults obesity rate: 15 à 34 %
-Children's rate: 5 à 17%
What are the benefits of healthy eating?
-Dietary patterns around the world
(relationship between diets and risk of disease)
-Mediterranean and Asian
-Higher risk of chronic illness
Mediterranean and Asian
What/how many chronic illnesses are linked to poor nutrition?
1. Heart Disease
4. Type 2 Diabetes
What education tools are available to guide healthy eating?
-Dietary Guidelines for Americans
-2011: Educational tool - MyPlate
What are the five historic dietary patterns of eating?
1. Paleolithic and Hunter-Gatherers
3. Industrialization and receding famine
4. Noncommunicable disease
5. Desired Societal and Behavior Change
Paleolithic and Hunter-Gatherers
variety of plant and animal species including nuts, seeds, wild grasses, meat, and fish
dominated by cereal grains and supplemented with legumes (beans), tubers (potatoes), and oil
Industrialization and receding famine
significant changes in farming practices, cheaper foods, but low variety
US pattern increasing throughout the world; characterized by high intake of saturated fat, sugar, and refined foods /low fiber intake
Desired Societal and Behavior Change
US federal government's Dietary Guidelines for Americans
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