98 terms

Term 2: Vocabulary - Chapter 2 (KSAU-HS)

Creative (adj)
[= imaginative, inventive], full of ideas
Collection (n)
bringing things together
Issue (n)
a subject or problem that is often discussed or argued about, social issues [= problem]
Urban (adj)
relating to towns and cities [x rural]
Pollution (n)
the process of making air, water, soil etc. dangerously dirty and not suitable for people to use
Limit (v)
to control something so that it is not greater than a particular amount, number or level [= control]
Outdoors (n)
outside, not in a building [x indoors]
Address (v)
if you address a problem, you start trying to solve it [= deal with, handle, discuss]
Variety (n)
many different types of things or people [= diversity]
Aspiration (n)
something that you hope to achieve [= ambition]
Pride (n)
a feeling of pleasure for something you have achieved
Advantage (n)
something that helps you to be more successful than others [= asset, privilege]
Common (adj)
belonging to or shared by two or more people or things [= widespread, prevalent, pervasive]
Solution (n)
the answer to a problem
Feature (n)
a quality or an important part of something [= trait, characteristic, quality]
Modern (adj)
made or done using the most recent designs or methods [= up-to-date]
Growth (n)
an increase in the size or the importance of something
Predict (v)
[= expect, foretell]
Nightmare (n)
an unpleasant event or experience
Population (n)
all the people living in a particular country, area or place
Overcrowded (adj)
containing too many people or things
Due to (adv)
[= because of]
Crime (n)
an illegal activity
Combination (n)
[= mixture]
Gridlock (n)
a situation where roads in a town become so blocked by cars, [= traffic jam]
Horrible (adj)
[= very unpleasant or bad]
Commute (v)
to regularly travel a long distance to get to work [= travel]
Access (n)
the right to enter a place, use something, see someone etc.
Worsen (v)
to become worse or make something worse [x improve]
Mayor (n)
the person who has been elected to lead the government of a town or city
Affluent (adj)
[= rich]
Prove (v)
to show that something is true [= confirm]
Resident (n)
living or staying in a place [= dweller, occupant]
Former (adj)
happening or existing before, [= previous, earlier]
Architect (n)
someone whose job is to design buildings
Practical (adj)
a practical person is good at dealing with problems [= reasonable]
Leadership (n)
the position of being the leader of a group
Priority (n)
something that is very important and must be dealt with before other things
Income (n)
money that is earned from doing work [= earnings]
Exchange (n)
the act of giving someone something and receiving something else from them [= swap]
Trash (n)
[= garbage, rubbish, litter]
Neighborhood (n)
an area of a town or city
Produce (n)
food or other things that have been grown or produced on a farm to be sold
Recycle (v)
to put used objects or materials through a special process so that they can be used again
Environment (n)
the air, water and land in or on which people, animals and plants live
Mass-transit (n)
methods of transport by which large numbers of people can travel around a city
Subway (n)
a railway system that runs under the ground below a big city [= underground]
Load (v)
to put a large quantity of something into a vehicle or container [x unload]
Pleasant (adj)
enjoyable or attractive and making you feel happy [= nice]
[x terrible]
Crop (n)
the amount of wheat, rice, fruit etc. that is produced in a season [= harvest]
A drug addict (n)
someone who is unable to stop taking drugs
Volunteer (v)
to offer to do something without expecting any reward
Cultivate (v)
to plant and take care of a particular crop [= grow]
Herbal (adj)
made of herbs, a small plant that is used to improve the taste of food, or to make medicine
Syrup (n)
a type of sweet liquid medicine
Counsel (v)
to advise someone [= advise]
Encourage (v)
to give someone the courage or confidence to do something
Allow (v)
[= permit]
Willing (adj)
prepared to do something, or having no reason to not want to do
Incorporate (v)
to include something as part of a group, system, plan etc. [= include]
Take advantage of (v)
to use a particular situation to do or get what you want
Pedestrian (n)
someone who is walking
Zone (n)
[= area]
Recommend (v)
to say that something or someone is good for a particular purpose or job [= suggest]
Dweller (n)
a person or animal that lives in a particular place [= resident, occupant]
Symbol (n)
a sign, shape or object which is used to represent something else
Bloom (n)
a flower or flowers: beautiful red blooms
Accidentally (adv)
Happening without being planned or intended by chance [= unintentionally, unexpectedly]
Imply (v)
[= suggest]
Infer (v)
to form an opinion that something is probably true because of information that you have [= imply, suggest]
Consist (v)
to be made of or formed from something
Symptom (n)
something wrong with your body or mind which shows that you have a particular illness [= sign]
Syndrome (n)
an illness which consists of a set of physical or mental problems
Tiredness (n)
feeling tired [= exhaustion]
Infection (n)
a disease that affects a particular part of the body and is caused by bacteria or a virus
Mysterious (adj)
difficult to explain or understand [= enigmatic]
Mystery (n)
an event, situation etc. that people do not understand or cannot explain because they do not know enough about it [= enigma]
Expert (n)
someone who has a special skill or special knowledge of a subject
Investigate (v)
to examine a crime, problem, etc. carefully to discover the truth [= probe, explore, inspect]
Nationwide (adj)
happening or existing in every part of the country [= everywhere, widespread]
Smog (n)
dirty air that looks like a mixture of smoke and fog
Mold (n)
a soft green or grey growth which develops on old food or on objects that have been left for too long in warm wet air
Pollutant (n)
a substance that pollutes
Pollute (v)
to make air, water, soil, etc. dangerously dirty and not suitable for people to use, [= contaminate].
Particle (n)
a very small piece of something: dust particles
Occur (v)
[= happen, take place]
Source (n)
[= origin]
Synthetic (adj)
[= man-made, artificial]
Lack (n)
when there is not enough of something, or none of it [= shortage, deficiency, shortfall]
Ventilate (v)
to let fresh air into a room, building etc.
Leak (v)
to escape from a hole or crack in a pipe or container [= come out, flow]
Release (v)
to let a substance flow out [= discharge, free]
Toxic (adj)
[= poisonous]
Tight (adj)
firmly attached and difficult to move [= fast]
Seal (v)
to close an entrance or a container with something that stops air, water etc. from coming in or out of it [= block up]
Defoliate (v)
to make the leaves drop off a plant, especially by using strong chemicals
Interaction (n)
a process by which two or more things affect each other
Sore (adj)
[= painful]