How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

100 terms

Hormone chart

STUDY
PLAY
Oxytocin produced by
hypothalamus by posterior pituitary
Oxytocin targets
Uterus, mammary glands
Oxytocin action
stimulates labor contractions in uterus and milk ejection in mammary glands
Oxytocin mechanism of control
Neural
Oxytocin structure
amino acid-based
Antidiuretic hormone produced by
hypothalamus released by posterior pituitary
Antidiuretic hormone target
kidneys
Antidiuretic hormone action
promotes water retention to raise blood pressure, vasopressin
Antidiuretic hormone mechanism of control
Neural
Antidiuretic hormone structure
namino acid-based
Thyroid hormone produced by
thyroid gland
Thyroid hormone target
most tissue
Thyroid hormone action
increases metabolic rate (glucose oxidized, heat generated etc.)
Thyroid hormone mechanism of control
tropic hormonal
Thyroid hormone structure
amino acid-based
Calcitonin produced by
thyroid Gland
Calcitonin target
bone "osteoblast"
Calcitonin action
stimulates calcium phosphate disposition and bone tissue "to reduce blood calcium levels"
Calcitonin mechanism of control
humoral
Calcitonin structure
amino acid-based
Parathyroid hormone produced by
parathyroid glands
Parathyroid hormone target
bones kidneys and intestines
Parathyroid hormone action
stimulates osteoclast resorption of bone to released calcium and calcium absorption by kidneys and intestines
Parathyroid hormone mechanism of control
humoral
Parathyroid hormone structure
amino acid-based
Aldosterone produced by
zona glomerulosa of adrenal cortex
Aldosterone target
kidneys
Aldosterone action
increase sodium retention
Aldosterone mechanism of control
tropic hormonal
Aldosterone structure
steroid-based
Cortisol produced by
zona fasciclata of adrenal cortex
Cortisol target
most tissues
Cortisol action
increases energy supplies, controls stress
Cortisol mechanism of control
tropic hormonal
Cortisol structure
steroid-based
Renin produced by
kidneys
Renin target
Zona glomerulosa of adrenal cortex
Renin action
stimulates releases aldosterone
Renin mechanism of control
neural
Renin structure
amino acid based
Thymosin,thymopoetin produced by
Thymus
Thymosin,thymopoetin target
T. lymphocytes
Thymosin,thymopoetin action
stimulates T-cell maturation
Thymosin,thymopoetin mechanism of control
humoral
Thymosin,thymopoetin structure
amino-based
Atrial natriuretic peptide produced by
heart
Atrial natriuretic peptide target
kidneys
Atrial natriuretic peptide action
inhibits release of aldosterone, reduces the blood volume/pressure (tells kidneys to secrete salty urine)
Atrial natriuretic peptide mechanism of control
Humoral
Atrial natriuretic peptide structure
amino-based
erythropoietin produced by
kidneys
erythropoietin target
red bone marrow
erythropoietin action
stimulates red blood cells production and maturation
erythropoietin mechanism of control
humoral (blood oxygen concentration)
erythropoietin structure
amino acid-based
Cholecalciferol produced by
skin
Cholecalciferol target
intestines
Cholecalciferol action
stimulates calcium absorption
Cholecalciferol mechanism of control
neural
Cholecalciferol structure
steroid-based
Gastrin, secretin, cholecycstokinin produced by
Enteroendocrine cells
Gastrin, secretin, cholecycstokinin target
stomach, pancreas, liver, gallbladder
Gastrin, secretin, cholecycstokinin action
stimulate HCG secretion, GI tracked mobility, release of bicarbonate rich juices, expulsion of bile, etc.
Gastrin, secretin, cholecycstokinin control mechanism
humoral (food stimulates release)
Gastrin, secretin, cholecycstokinin structure
amino acid base
Growth hormone releasing hormone produced by
hypothalamus
Growth hormone releasing hormone target
anterior pituitary
Growth hormone releasing hormone action
stimulates growth hormone production
Growth hormone releasing hormone mechanism
humoral
Growth hormone releasing hormone structure
amino acid-based
Growth Hormone inhibiting hormone produced by
hypothalamus
Growth Hormone inhibiting hormone target
anterior pituitary adenohypophysis
Growth Hormone inhibiting hormone action
inhibits growth hormone production
Growth Hormone inhibiting hormone mechanism of control
humoral
Growth Hormone inhibiting hormone structure
amino acid-based
Leptin Produced by
adipose tissue
Leptin target
brain
Leptin action
fullness/satiety
Leptin mechanism of control
humoral
Leptin structure
amino acid-based
Corticotropin releasing hormone produced by
hypothalamus
Corticotropin releasing hormone target
interior pituitary
Corticotropin releasing hormone action
stimulated ACTH production
Corticotropin releasing hormone mechanism of control
humoral
Corticotropin releasing hormone structural
amino acid base
Gonadotropin releasing hormone produced by
hypothalamus
Gonadotropin releasing hormone target
anterior pituitary
Gonadotropin releasing hormone action
stimulates follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone
Gonadotropin releasing hormone mechanism of control
humoral
Gonadotropin releasing hormone structure
amino acid-based
Prolactin releasing hormone produced by
hypothalamus
Prolactin releasing hormone target
anterior pituitary
Prolactin releasing hormone action
stimulates prolactin production
Prolactin releasing hormone mechanism of control
humoral
Prolactin releasing hormone structure
amino acid-based
Prolactin inhibiting hormone production by
hypothalamus
Prolactin inhibiting hormone target
anterior pituitary
Prolactin inhibiting hormone action
inhibits prolactin production
Prolactin inhibiting hormone mechanism of control
humoral
Prolactin inhibiting hormone structure
amino acid based