Articles of Confederation
Terms in this set (50)
What task did the American colonies become faced with?
The American colonies were faced with forming independent governments at the state and national levels.
What happened in 1788?
the U.S. Constitution became the official plan of the American government. It has been the fundamental law of our nation for over 200 years.
What happened after the U.S. won their independence from Great Britain?
They had trouble winning Britain's respect (British ignored the terms of the Treaty of Paris)
What were the Americans doing while they were fighting for their independence?
They were fighting for their independence on the battlefield and creating new governments at the same time.
What happened in May of 1776?
the Continental Congress asked the states to organize their governments and to move quickly to adopt a state constitution.
How did the states limit the power of a ruler?
The state constitutions limited the power of the governor. The states divided the power between the governor and the legislature. Most states established a bicameral or a two-house legislature.
Who could vote? (restrictions)
In most states, white males, over the age of 21 could vote who owned a certain amount of property.
What was the most powerful branch of government?
legislatures, because the state constitutions restricted the powers of the governors. Western parts of the states received more seats in legislatures.
What did the nation agree on?
Establishing a separate state government proved to be an easier task than creating a single nation government. They agreed their nation should be a republic, they didn't aggree on the organization and power of their republic
What did the Second Continental Congress do?
The Second Continental Congress drew up a plan for a new national government. The delegates in Congress realized they needed a central government to coordinate the war effort against Britain.
What did the Congress adopt?
the committee's plan, The Articles of Confederation(America's first national constitution)
What authority did the government have under the Articles of Confederation?
they could: conduct foreign affairs, maintain armed forces, borrow money, issue currency
they could not: regulate trade, force soldiers to join the army, or impose taxs
What happened if the Confederation Congress needed money?
They needed to ask the state legislatures; though they did not have to contribute
How many states had to approve the Articles of Confederation before they could go into effect as a law?
13 (all of them)
How many votes did each state get in the Confederation Congress despite the population?
What did the states argue about?
rights to western lands
What state refused to approve the Articles until New York and Virginia and any all other states abandoned lands claims to west of the Appalachian Mountains?
What were the problems of the Articles of Confederation?
they had limited power, they could not pass a law unless 9 states voted in favor of the law
How many states had to agree if there was any attempt to change the Articles?
all thirteen states
What was the Articles of Confederation accomplishment?
winning the war and it provided for new states in the west
What happened by the 1780s?
the number of settlers who lived west of the Appalachian Mountains was approaching 100,000 people. The western states hoped to organize their lands as states, but the Articles did not contain a law or rule relating to this issue (national government will soon take charge of these land areas)
When could a district apply (petition) to Congress for statehood?
when the people in a district reached the population of the smallest existing state
What is an ordinance? How did it tie in with the Articles of Confederation?
or law; the Congress established a procedure for surveying and selling the western lands north of the Ohio river.
How were the territories divided?
townships of 6 miles long and 6 miles wide. The townships would then be subdivided into 36 sections of 640 acres (would be sold at auction for at least a dollar an acre)
What did the North West ordinance created?
The ordinance created a single North-west territory out of the lands north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River
When could the people apply for their territory to become a state hold?
when the population reached sixty thousand
What did the North west ordinance include?
bill of rights for settlers, guaranteeing freedom of religion and a trial by jury, no slavery, involuntary servitude
What did the Confederation government have little power to do or fail to resolve?
to deal with the nation's financial problems and they failed to resolve problems over land holdings and trade with Britain and Spain
What happened by 1781?
money printed during the Revolutionary War had depreciated or fallen in value, they were unable to collect taxes
What happened with the Continental Congress and money (1781)?
the Continental Congress and the states printed their own paper money. The money was not backed up by gold or silver
Who was Robert Morris?
he proposed collecting a 5% tax on imported goods to help pay the national debt. This plan required that the Articles of Confederation be changed to give Congress the power to tax
What happened with the Confederation Congress creating a department?
faced with the total collapse of the country's finances, the confederation Congress created a department of finance under Philadelphia merchant Robert Morris.
What happened with the Robert Morris' idea?
12 states approved the measure, the opposition of Rhode Island ended any attempt at a new regulation
What did the American colonists who served as delegates believe?
that they possessed or maintained sufficient resources (soldiers, training, fighting on familiar territory)
What were the delegates of the Confederation Congress acting like?
they were thinking as "visionaries" (seeing things as they appear)
Where is the tension?
Who are the parties whom are fighting against each other?
What is at stake?
land/territory, money, distribution of power, weaponry, technology
How long was a term of office?
What were the "House of Lords"?
membership was elite= a smaller number of delegates, well educated, terms of office were longer
how often was there an election?
every two years (cycle)
What was the "House of Commons"?
incorporates more members, common men/women, "Blue Collar Worker"
What were the Voting Requirements?
over the age of 21, white, male, own property
When was the Articles of Confederation created?
What were the 4 powers (authorities) according to Article's of Confederation?
conduct foreign affairs, maintain an armed forces, borrow money, issue currency
what were the 3 drawbacks of the Articles of Confederation
could not regulate trade, could not force soldiers to join the army, could not impose force taxes
Why did Maryland hold out voting?
Maryland out voting yes initially to approve the Articles of Confederation as a new plan of government
what were the 2 problems/weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
minimum of 4 states passage of laws, all 13 states had to have consent
what were the 2 strengths/successes of the Articles of Confederation
winning the American Revolutionary War, provided for new lands in the American westward
the ordinance of 1785
established a procedure for surveying and selling western lands north of the Ohio River
the North West Ordinance of 1787
created a single territory out of lands north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River, when the population reaches 60,000 people= may apply to become a state, equality of states, bill of rights