44 terms

a&p chap 4

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cells grouped together
tissues
4 types of
tissues
epithilial tissue
protects the body by cover internal and external surfaces
connective tissue
connects organs and tissue. allows for movement and provides support for other types of tissue
muscle tissue
contians cell material which has the ability to contract and move the body
nervous tissue
contains cells that react to stimuli and conduct an impulse.
membrane
formed by putting 2 thin layers of tissue together.
epithelial membranes are classified as
mucous or serous membranes.depending on the secretions produced.
respiratory mucosa
lines the respiratory passages.
gastric mucosa
lines the stomach
intestinal mucosa
lines the small and large intestines.
adipose tissue
tissue that stores fat
areolar tissue
tissue that surrounds various organs and supports both nerve cells and blood vessels
endocrine gland cells
these cells form ductless glands which secrete their substance(hormones) directly into the bloodstream
exocrine glands
these cells secrete their substances into ducts.
dense fibrous tissue
this tissue forms ligaments and tendons
ligaments
strong flexible that hold bones together at joints
tendons
tissue attaches skeletal muscle to bones
fasciae
connective sheets of tissue that wrap around and muscles in place.
cartilage
provides firm and flexible support to parts of the skeleton
skeletal muscle
muscle attached to the movable parts fo the skeleton
smooth muscle
provide involuntary movement
visceral membranes
cover the organs within.
pleural membrane
line the thoracic or chest cavity and protects the lungs
pericardial membrane
lines the heart cavity and protects the heart.
peritoneal membrane
lines the adbominal cavity and protects the abdominal organs.
cutaneous membrane
(skin) cutaneuos membrane is a specialized type of epitheleal membrane.
synovial membrane
lines joint cavities and prevents friction in the joints.
organ
a structure of several types of tissues grouped together to perform a single function.
the human body has
10 organ systems.
the 10 organ systems are
skeletal, muscular, digestive, respiratory, circulatory, excretory, nervous, endocrine, reproductive, and integumentary.
inflammation
a protective response to an injury.
two types of epithelial tissue.
primary repair, and secondary repair
primary repair takes place in
a clean wound
secondary repair
a process called granulation takes place in large open wound with small or large tissue loss.
granulation causes
the surface to have a pebbly feel.
cicatrix
scar tissue.
collagen
strong flexible protien found in loose connective tissue
outer layer of skin is
squamus epithelial.
visceral pleura
membrane that covers the lungs
inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity
peritonitis
vitamin E
an anti oxident.
plural membrane
the lining that protects the lung
hyaline
most common type of cartilage forms skeleton of an embryo.