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A segment of DNA that codes for a particular protein and determine a particular function or trait of heredity
XX-female, XY-male, made up of DNA, linear or thread like structure found in the nucleaus of eukaryotic organisms, found during cell division
Chromosome pairs of 1-22, regular chromosome that does not determine the sex of the individual,karyotype has 44 of these
Egg+sperm=diploid(gametes or germ cells) sperm determines sex of the offspring, chromosome number changes 2n->n
A change/error in the genetic material; sources of new alleles
Substitution and frame shift
Organic molecules that have a carboxyl group and amino group, From bonds with one another
During this a cell takes DNA from outside the cell, which becomes part of the cells DNA! Bacterium takes in a plasmid
A gene that makes it possible to distinguish bacteria that carry a plasmid containing foreign DNA from those that don't
Changes in the early egg, sperm or embryo, will be passes down to offspring/generations
Somatic cell engineering
Changes in the somatic cells and changes won't be passed down to offsprimg! No effect on egg or sperm
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