English Vocabulary Test 2-11-16

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Terms in this set (...)

Claim
a statement essentially arguable but used as a primary point to support or prove an argument
Ethical Fallacy
unreasonably advances the writer's own authority or character
Counterargument
an argument or set of reasons put forward to oppose an idea or theory developed in another argument
Stereotyping
the general beliefs that we use to categorize people, objects, and events while assuming those beliefs are accurate generalizations of the whole group
Rhetorical Fallacy
false or misleading statements that weaken an argument
Support
to show that an idea, statement, theory, etc. is true or correct
Emotional Fallacy
unfairly appealing to the audience's emotions
Rhetoric
a technique of using language effectively and persuasively in spoken or written form
Aristotle
philosopher who made the "rhetorical triangle"
Ethos
credibility, trust
Pathos
emotions, imagination
Logos
consistency, logic
Epitaph
a phrase or statement written in memory of a person who has died, especially as an inscription on a tombstone
Ad hominem Fallacy
a rhetorical fallacy in which the intent is to attack the character or circumstance of the proponent or the position in order to distract from the argument
Analogy
a comparison between two things
Opinion
a view or judgment formed about something, not necessarily based on fact or knowledge
Hasty generalization
an informal fallacy of faulty generalization by reaching an inductive generalization based on insufficient evidence
Circular Reasoning
a logical fallacy in which the reasoner begins with what they are trying to end with
Either/or fallacy
in which arguer characterizes a complex problem with many possible solutions, as having only two possible solutions
Implicit Fallacy
an assertion based on a flawed premise -- but a premise that is NOT stated. It is just assumed
Rebuttal
refuting by offering a contrary contention or argument
Contention
a large argument or set of smaller arguments that supports a case
Subpoint
a point that is a part of the larger umbrella contention
Signpost
to indicate where one is on the flow
Claim
an assertion
Warrant
a reason why an assertion is true
Impact
explains the importance of the warranted claim
Fallacy
a statement or an argument based on a false or invalid inference
Card
a piece of evidence, usually a quote from an expert, that proves a point
Drop
when a debater does not address or respond to a subpoint or argument
Resolution
the topic being debated
CX
an opportunity for one debater to ask the other questions
Case
a set of reasons, supporting facts, and arguments that show why we should affirm or negate the resolution
Flow
a piece of paper with many rows and columns on which you write down an outline of what the debaters are saying