Civil Rights test
Terms in this set (47)
Founder of NAACP, an organization that used the courts to fight discriminatory laws
refused to give up seat, starting Montgomery Bus Boycott
Strom Thurmond, Lester Maddox and George Wallace
leader of the Civil Rights Mvmt; non-violent civil disobedience
Southern Christian Leadership Conference - ministers who
fought for rights (MLK); peaceful protest
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee - college students
who fought for civil rights; sit-ins
Congress of Racial Equality - Freedom Riders
first African American MLBaseball player
NAACP lawyer for Brown v. Board case; first African American Supreme Court Justice
member of NOI, separatist, militant, advocated self-defense
feminist active in women's mvmt; started first magazine
for women (Ms. Magazine)
founder of women's mvmt; wrote Feminine Mystique; N.O.W.
1st African American woman elected to the House of Representatives (NY)
outspoken critic of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA); warned against women not being at home to raise children & potential for unisex restrooms & female draft
pushed for more rights for Native Americans on reservations; gambling
Hispanic activist; led boycotts to get better pay for migrant
was a WWII physician and veteran who helped fight for the rights of veterans and minorities in Texas. He founded the American GI forum.
attitude toward someone because they are member of a particular group
action taken as a result of prejudice.
keeping groups separate from each other...allowed due to Plessy v. Ferguson
bringing groups together... Brown v. Bd. Overturned Plessy & called for schools to integrate
federal policy giving preferential treatment to
minorities (including women) in hiring and college admission
Nonviolent civil disobedience
breaking unjust laws in a nonviolent way
to bring awareness
13, 14 and 15 amendments
13th—freed slaves; 14th -gave former slaves citizenship and includes the equal protection clause; 15th -guaranteed men who were former slaves the right to vote (poll taxes, literacy tests and grandfather clause kept from happening)
Civil Rights Act of 1957
established Civil Rights Commission (Justice Dept)
Civil Rights Act of 1964
banned discrimination in public places and in the workplace—also helped women achieve equality in the workplace
Voting Rights Act of 1965
brought federal marshals into the South to register voters—took away the obstacles set up for the right to vote
elimination of the poll tax (fee to register to vote)
National Organization for Women; active in women's movement; pushed for an Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
Civil Rights Act of 1968
eliminated discrimination in housing (buying and renting)
says that boys and girls programs must be equal (mostly athletics)
Plessy v. Ferguson
1896; Supreme Court Case "separate but equal"; legalized
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, KS
overturned Plessy v Ferguson; said that
separate schools unconstitutional
Sweatt v. Painter
said that UT must admit the first AA student into their law school
Roe v. Wade
legalized abortion in the US
Which President of the US decided to use an executive order to desegregate the military?
Which President of the US sent the 101st airborne to help integrate Central High School in Little Rock?
Who was Orval Faubus and what did he do to try to stop integration in Little Rock?
Arkansas governor who used the National Guard to prevent integration
What did the freedom rides accomplish?
Desegregated interstate travel and bus terminals (waiting rooms)
Where did Bull Connor use fire hoses and dogs on demonstrators to attempt to break up marches?
What was the purpose of the March from Selma to Montgomery?
To support Voting Rights Act
What was the significance of the Letter from a Birmingham Jail written by MLK?
his frustration with the slowness of change
What were the primary goals of the UFW?
Organization to fight for migrant farmers'
What technique did the UFW use to accomplish their goals?
How were groups like the Black Panthers and Nation of Islam different than the SCLC and CORE?
Militant; advocated self-defense rather than nonviolence
Who killed Martin Luther King, Jr. in Memphis, Tennessee in 1968?
James Earl Ray
Why were there riots in cities across the North and in Watts in the mid-1960's? What effect did this have on the Civil Rights movement?
frustrated at the slowness of change & poverty;
Negative - people only saw the violence & not deeper issue