The Code of Hammurabi illustrates the laws of Babylonian society were influenced by lex talionis and what?
Social Class structure - social inequalities
What of the following contributed to the fall of both the western Roman and the Han?
Invasions by Barbarian tribes (Huns, Visigoths, Vandals)
Describe the major effects of the Bantu migrations?
Diffusion of iron metallurgy across Sub Africa, & Bantus language & slash & burn agriculture
What signifies the change in the late 1400s that marks the beginning of a new period in world history?
Age of Exploration- Global Trade Network
What is an economic similarity among European colonial empires in the Americas in the period 1450-1750 ?
African slaves, forced labor American Indians
What European development is most closely associated with the revolution in Haiti?
The French Revolution
"We shall not repeat the past. We shall eradicate it by restoring our rights in the Suez Canal. This money is ours. The canal is the property of Egypt." This quote represents what political philosophy expressed in the post-colonial world?
Most early civilizations before 600 B.C.E. shared what characteristics?
Cities, technology, metallurgy, writing systems, growing population
Between 200 B.C.E. and 200 C.E., the Silk Roads facilitated commodity trade between which of the 2 empires?
Han Chinese & Romans
The development and spread of Christianity and Buddhism before 600 C.E. had what Common characteristics?
Derived from another religion, spread through trade routes, and established monasteries for both men & women
Indian Ocean Trade Networks encouraged the growth of what between 600 CE & 1450 CE?
Cities (trade centers)
Before 1450 C.E. what is true of sub-Saharan Africa's commercial economy - what was traded with whom?
Gold to Europeans and Middle East
What consequences of the Columbian Exchange most affected Amerindians in the sixteenth century?
The Religious Mughal Empire and the Mixed Ottoman Empire before 1700 C.E. shared what characteristics?
Diverse- religiously and ethnically
In the period 1450-1750, what produced on large plantations by slave labor, were significant commodities in the growing world market?
Cash Crops: Sugar, Tobacco and Coffee
An important reason for China's rapid population increase in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries was what?
What was a widespread social consequence of industrialization in the 1800s?
New social class of workers who are wage-earners in urban areas
How did nineteenth-century European industrialization affect European women's lives?
Marriage age and work and house- superwomen
After the Second World War, countries around the world did which of the following to restore the global economy?
Nationalist leaders in Africa and Asia, such as Ho Chi Minh (1890-1969), Jomo Kenyatta (1894-1978), and Kwame Nkrumah (1909-1972), had what in common?
Fought COLONIAL RULE - independence
. By the end of the 20th century - how did the world change as a result of technological changes?
Why are myths useful to historians?
They could reveal knowledge about traditions, values, and culture that may be accurate
The development of Indian Ocean trade routes in the period 600 B.C.E. to 600 C.E. and the development of transatlantic trade routes in the period 1450 C.E. to 1600 C.E. were similar in that both depended on what?
Wind patterns, ocean currents
Before 600 C.E., large centralized empires, such as the Han, Persian, and Roman empires, extended their military power politically by doing what?
Government built infrastructure- roads, bridges, defensive walls, expanded supply lines on safe roads
What factors represent the most significant cause of the growth of cities in Afro-Eurasia in the period 1000-1450 ?
Increased interregional & long distance trade
What type of evidence for research about the profits of Portuguese and British slave traders in the period 1600-1800 would be most useful?
Receipts or account books
The North and South American independence movements of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries shared what in common?
Revolutions and demands based on enlightenment ideas
The founding North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is best understood in the context of what post-world war 2 events?
Historians argue that the twentieth century marks a significant break in world history for what reasons?
Petroleum, gas, population tripled, communism
What is true of both the Mughal and Ottoman empires in the sixteenth century?
Big empires, Gunpowder, bureaucracy
In contrast to initial industrialization, the second Industrial Revolution in the last half of the nineteenth century was particularly associated with the mass production of what?
Steel, electricity, transportation
The expansion of communication and trade networks from South Asia (Chian and India geniuses) into Afro-Eurasia from 600 C.E. to 1450 C.E. resulted in the spread of what ?
New technology & science and math - 0 & decimal number system
Major difference between the social structures of China and India between 600 B.C.E. and 600 C.E.?
Confucians social hierarchy -benefit scholars Upper caste Brahmins Priests- no political people with power
The African proverb, "Until the lions have their historians, tales of hunting will always glorify the hunter," Means what?
History written by winners or victors not losers
Most world historians would agree that the key to European predominance in the world economy during the nineteenth and early twentieth century's was based on what?
Europeans did not control the largest share of world trade in the seventeenth through the eighteenth centuries. What evidence from the period would best support this historical reinterpretation?
1600s- Indians, Chinese & Muslims still trade largest percentage
Europeans control trade after - industrial revolution - merchant records tell how much traded
The United States Declaration of Independence and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen reflects a shared concern for what?
Protection of rights & right to own private property (life, liberty & PROPERTY)
A historian researching the effects of Christian missionaries' activities on local social structures in late-nineteenth-century Africa would what sources most useful?
African stories about conversion - primary sources
What was the leading cause of the unprecedented increase in global population in the twentieth century?
Medicine and increased concern for better health care
What is a nationalistic (liberty) interpretation of the collapse of the STRONG Culturally mixed Ottoman and Russian empires during and immediately after the First World War?
Demands by ethnic groups for rights and independence in these two multi-ethnic empires
What is a major similarity between the goals of leaders of the Chinese Communist Revolution, such as Mao Zedong, and the goals of leaders of the Mexican Revolution, such as Emiliano Zapata, in the early twentieth century?
What is a significant environmental effect of the globalization of the world's economy in the period 1980 to the present?
Pollution and westernization to the developed countries
Some historians consider the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century to have been crucial decades in the development of Western thought. What evidence supports that contention?
Physics, Theory of Relativity and the Uncertainty Principle
Some historians have argued that significant social inequalities emerged only after the adoption of agriculture made it possible for some individuals to accumulate great amounts of surplus wealth.
What idea undermines that assertion?
Prehistory wealth - found in gravesites
Before 600 C.E., what are the characteristics of the Confucian social order or 5 basic relationships?
Loyalty to ruler, obedience to father and respect for old
Describes the Mongol Empire's role in facilitating trans- Eurasian trade?
Reestablished the Silk Road & Eurasian Trade routes China to western Europe