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FTCE Pre-Kindergaten/ Primary K-3 Test Questions SECRETS Edition 2015
Terms in this set (240)
A teacher asks her students to compare and contrast two animals they saw at the zoo. This is an example of what level of bloom's taxonomy?
Students studying for fractions manipulate "fraction blocks" cut to represent fractional parts to learn the concept of adding and subtracting fractions. Which level of development as described by Piaget does this activity demonstrate?
Concrete Operational Stage
According to Kohlberg, at which developmental level do children understand that good behavior is expected?
Erikson's stages of development include all of the following except
In Bronfenbrenner's organization of child development, the family or classroom is considered a
One of Vygotsky's major contributions in the field of early childhood development is the concept of
The Importance of play as a learning activity
Which of the following is a component of the Constructivist learning theory?
Students, teachers, and classmates establish knowledge cooperatively everyday
Social and behavior theories of learning stress the importance of
the social interaction of students that aid or inhibit learning
A teacher becomes aware that a certain student's family is in a crisis situation. What is his or her best course of action?
Report the crisis situation to school or civic authorities
Which if the following is the best way to assist children from families with limited incomes?
Cooperate with school administrators, and public officials to provide such assistance as a free lunch program and/or some academic assistance
The teacher notices that the student's attention in the classroom is decreased. The student seems restless and unable to concentrate. Which of the following may be the cause of this change in behavior?
(all of the above)
a. the child is coming down with an illness, such as the flu.
b. a problem has developed at home, such as divorce or abuse.
c. the child has entered a period of rapid physical growth which distracts him or her from cognitive activity
Which of the following is a symptom of an emotionally-neglected child?
acts of jealousy or aggression toward other children.
Which of the following is an important aspect of allowing and encouraging children's play?
play teaches children cooperation and sharing
What personal benefits can a young child obtain from play?
(all of the above)
a. development of motor skills, such as hand-eye coordination
b. development of personal interests
c. the ability to entertain himself or herself when alone
Social development and cognitive development often progress together because
all areas of development - physical, social, and cognitive are interrelated
The concept of latent development is important for teachers because:
developing skills may give clues for the next stage of instruction a student will need
A flat or agitated expression coupled with incoherent speech is a major symptom of
Which of the following actions are important for a teacher to create learning conditions for students with disabilities?
(all of the above)
a. use a child-centered approach to instruction
b. help students identify their own learning needs
c. structure learning experiences appropriate to the needs of the disabled student
When a child begins to act violently, breaking things, and quarreling with other students, teachers should see this change in behavior as a
sign of emotional difficulties
If a child exhibits loss in cognitive thinking, social behavior, and usual academic progress, the teacher should suspect that the child
may be abusing drugs
What makes a child eligible for special education services?
having a diagnosed physical or emotional disability that has been evaluated professionally
If a child demonstrates a lack of concentration in the classroom and also becomes easily agitated, he or she may be suffering from
lack of sleep and/or nutrition
At what age do children normally demonstrate a speech pattern that is 90% intelligible?
Four years old
If a child appears delayed in speech development, which of the following is the best course to follow?
Use in-depth evaluations and early intervention to assist the child with language delays
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a child with emotional disturbance?
lower academic performance
social skills deficits
exaggerated efforts to make friends
exaggerated efforts to make friends
How should the teacher best deal with an academically talented student who typically finished work ahead of other students and tends to get into mischief while waiting for others to finish?
Assign the student an appealing task related to the subject area that requires creativity, research, and/or in-depth study of the subject, such as creating a play or making a collage
The most important factor for the teacher to keep in mind when teaching students with disabilities is
vary instructional pace and content to meet the specific needs of disabled students
Seeking the appropriate method for meeting the needs of a disabled student is most often initiated by
the student's classroom teacher
Involvement of parents in developing a student's IEP is essential because
parents know their children's needs, and an IEP must be tailored to those needs
What is meant by the "least restrictive environment" policy of the IDEA?
Students with disabilities must be educated in an environment appropriate to them and their non-disabled peers, often a regular classroom
An IEP is a plan for
assisting students in ways beyond what the classroom teacher can provide
A 504 plan differs from an IEP in that the 504
focuses on helping emotionally or physically disabled handicapped students
Which of the following is NOT a reason for having a parent conference?
the child's behavior is so difficult that the teacher wants the parents to withdraw the child from school
What is the advantage of placing students in community organizations like the ASB (Associated Student Body) or the PTSA (Parent Teacher Student Association)?
these organizations provide opportunities for students to develop leadership skills and learn to appreciate the value of collaborative processes
Which of the following genres is most important for children just beginning to become readers in grades K,1, and 2?
alphabet books, wordless picture books, and easy-to-read books.
Which of the following is NOT a goal of children's literature?
instruct students in the sciences, such as mathematics and biology
In which genre does the literature rely on the reader's suspension of disbelief about magical and mythical creatures?
A story about a young detective who solves mysteries using mental and physical skills would be classified as
actions and adventure
The statement, "He ran as fast as a startled rabbit," is an example of an
Young children are more likely to respond to analogies in stories than to metaphors because
the ability to understand the abstract concept expressed in metaphors is not developed until later in childhood.
When students compare nonfiction literature to fictional literature, what differences will they find?
In addition to plot, character, setting, and theme, a nonfiction work will also introduce interpretations, theory and research
Which of the following would you expect children in grade K-2 to learn by being exposed both fictional and nonfictional literature?
How to tell fiction from non-fiction
In selecting literature for children, the most important first step a teacher should perform is to evaluate
class composition and preferences
What is the best way for a teacher to make sure that books in the classroom are at an appropriate reading level, neither too easy, or too difficult that beginning readers will become frustrated?
provide a wide variety of reading materials for children to choose from
One of the most important elements in children's literature that captures children's interest is
If a teacher does not have time to pre-read all the books she selects for her classroom, what is a good alternative?
a. Look at the children's book reviews in professional materials
b. seek input from children themselves about their favorite books
c. seek the assistance of the school librarian
The adaptation of language in a piece of writing to meet the authors purpose or audience is called
The perspective from which a story is told is called
Point of View
In Booker's first grade classroom, students are studying marine animals in science. Mr. Booker wants to select a book to read to the class that will enhance their understanding of this subject while at the same time capturing their interest in a story. Which of the following would be the best choice?
The Wild Whale Watch, part of the Magic School Series, a chapter book about whales
Which of the following describes one difference between role-play writing and early writing?
In role-play writing, the child writes in scribbles that are only meaningful to him or her. In early writing, the child uses real letters
Which of the following is a developmental skill a child should have before beginning to write?
Small muscle control
A child using the prewriting strategy called "free writing" will
write thoughts and ideas without stopping to edit them
Which of the following is not a prewriting strategy?
organizing writing into paragraphs
In the organization stage of writing, the writer
determines the purpose, thesis, and supporting details of the written work
Maria's topic sentence is, "My family prepares for holidays in a big way." Which of the following would be the best supporting detail to follow that sentence?
First, we decide who is going to host the holiday dinner.
Which of the following is true of the introduction to a written piece?
it is the least important part of a piece of writing
Which of the following is not a method of peer editing?
Students decide whether another student's essay is good writing or poor writing
Which of the following should not be capitalized?
Small words like "of" in titles
Elena wrote the following paragraph...
I believe that everyone should try to care for our planet. The best ways to do this are through...etc.
The purpose of Elena's paragraph was
Students should learn to write for a variety of audiences because
students are more involved in their writing if their audience varies
Which of the following genres takes an opinion and defends it?
Biographies are written to
narrate the life of a person
detail a person's own life and do not defend opinions.
The final resolution of a fictional plot is called
Assonance means that two or more words
have the same vowel sound.
ex: cow and loud
The basics of writing to a particular audience do NOT include
correct spelling, correct and actual facts
The direct instruction model for teaching students to recognize numbers includes
showing newly introduced numbers more often than other numbers.
Which of the following is an example of an ordinal number?
The property that states 1+3 is the same as 3+1 is called
Commutative. The property that states that the order in which numbers are added does not change the answer is called the commutative property.
A number system in which the position of a digit in a number determines its value is called
A place value system.
Paper strips and cuisenaire rods are manipulatives used to teach
A decimal can be converted to a percent by
moving the decimal point two places to the right
By rewriting 5 times 9 as 9+9+9+9+9, students will learn
the relationship between multiplication and addition. By performing these activities, students will see that multiplication is just the repetitive addition of a number a certain number of times.
Although there are 100 addition facts, if students understand commutativity, they actually need to learn
Which of the following is NOT a model that helps students understand subtraction?
Which of the following is NOT a way to teach young children to recognize patterns?
Solving for X in an equation.
Young children are not ready for algebraic equations, but they can learn to recognize patterns by counting by two's, comparing geometric shapes, and analyzing data they have collected.
Geometric Figures can be classified by
number of sides
the angles where sides meet
polygons or solids
Two triangles are facing away from each other but have the same exact shape and size. This is the best described as an example of which geometrical concept?
A missing object problem is one way of helping students learn what concept?
ex: Truck car bike train truck car bike ____ truck car bike train
When deciding to measure the sides of a two-dimensional object, what attributes of that object should be considered?
Length and width. Since the object is a not a solid, no other dimensions are needed.
What is the educational purpose of having students measure the length of an object, such as their desk or table, with non-standard measuring units smaller than the object, such as crayons?
Students learn to measure something larger than a unit with repetitive use of that unit
For three days, Mr. Hanson had his students keep track of how many times each of them used a pencil during the school day. What is the best kind of graph to use to display this data?
Circle graph is used to
compare parts of a whole
A pictograph shows
comparison of quantities using symbols
A line graph shows
trends over a period of time.
Katrina wanted to solve a math problem: "If there are 30 days in a month and today is the 12th, how many days until the end of the month? What should be the first problem-solving step?
Understand what the problem is asking
Which of the following problems did the settlers at Plymouth, Massachusetts have during their first winter there?
Many starved for lack of food. The settlers had not brought enough provisions with them, and they did not know how to successfully grow crops. During their first winter, many of them died of starvation.
Which of the following events did NOT occur in Massachusetts close to the time of the American Revolution?
The Declaration of Independence. It was written in Virginia.
The first battle of the Revolutionary War, The Boston Tea Party, and Paul Revere's ride all happened in Massachusetts.
What is the primary contribution to the Israelites to the civilization?
Monotheism. (believing in one God).
A major development that began near the beginning of the 17th century was
the use of experiments to verify theories. Before the idea of experimenting was developed, many scientists had theories, often in conflict with each other, but these ideas were never verified scientifically to demonstrate which one was correct. Experiments provided a way to prove ideas.
The results of increased production of crops and managed approach to agriculture is called
the agricultural revolution
Which of these refers to the oceans and water areas of earth?
Which of the following is bay located in Massachusetts?
A Buzzard's Bay
Due process means
the right to a defendant to confront accusers and to provide a defense
In the Constitution of the United States, which of the following powers are reserved for the states?
Regulation of Intrastate Trade. Intrastate trade is solely within a state, so the state has jurisdiction over it.
Taxation is a right granted to
both federal and state authorities
Patents and copyrights apply to
goods made and/or sold throughout the country; therefore, they are federal responsibility.
A law proposed in Congress but not yet passed is called a
In Massachusetts, the unit of local government is the
town. A town is the basic unit of local government. Larger units include the county and the common wealth.
A belief in opposition to certain beliefs is called
Dissent. It occurs when a citizen disagrees with a certain concept or law.
Repetition is important to scientific inquiry because
it is the only way to prove an experiment is valid.
The father of Microscopy was
Who discovered the role of micro-organisms in disease?
Who determined that each disease has a specific pathogen?
Who developed the science of genetics?
What effect does science have on technology?
technology often results from scientific discoveries
Which of the following are required by all organisms in order survive?
Food, water, sunlight, air
What is the difference between mass and weight?
mass is the amount of matter in an object; weight is the pull of gravity on the object
World weather patterns are very much influenced by
In the technological design process, after the problem has been identified and a possible solution selected, what is the next step?
Try out the proposed solution.
First step: identify a problem and propose a solution.
Second step: trying the solution
Third step: evaluation and reporting the results
Which of the following teacher strategies would be most effective in maintaining communication with families whose home language is not English?
Sending out a monthly multilingual newsletter
In the "nature versus nurture" controversy, the term nature refers to
A primary teacher wants the students to transition to the next activity. Which of the following is the best strategy for accomplishing that goal?
a. describing the new task while students are still working
b. giving each student specific directions
c. signaling students to gain their attention
d. walking around the room asking the students to listen
signaling students to gain their attention
A Kindergarten teacher is developing a unit on weather. Which of the following strategies should be utilized first when planning the unit?
a. reviewing concepts in the adopted textbook
b. examining state and district science standards
c. surveying children's interest in weather concepts
d. assessing student's prior knowledge about weather
examining state and district standards
Third graders are writing stories about their family members. Which of the following accommodations would be most beneficial for several beginner-level English language learners in the class?
permitting them to use inventive spelling in their stories
Which of the following components of effective co-teaching is most likely to positively impact student learning?
b. time management
c. communicating expectations
d. defining responsibilities
Which of the following is the most appropriate approach for facilitating preschool students to pretend play in the classroom?
providing a supply of materials and organizing them in one area of the classroom
Students and teachers would collect samples of the student's best work to create a
A teacher can best develop children's self-confidence and positive feelings toward learning by providing activities that
provide challenges yet offer opportunities for success
Which of the following is the best demonstration of phonemic segmenting from 1st grade students working with the word "jumping"
If a student wants to get an overview if an informational text, see the relationships among the various topic, where should the student look in the text to find this information?
table of contents
A Kindergarten teacher notices that a student is becoming aware of syllables within words. In an effort to promote phonological awareness, the teacher helps the student break down the word: CAR
What is the correct term for part of the word that comes after the initial consonant?
rime: vowel and FINAL consonant
ex: ex: in the word strap
What is an onset in a word?
initial consonant blend
ex: in the word strap
In order to prepare students to read about the city government, the teacher organized a field trip to city hall and arranged a presentation by the city manager for the class. The teacher is developing
background information, interest, and purpose
A 2nd grade student brainstorms a list of ideas and then identifies the topic the student is most interested in writing about. The student defines the purpose for writing, the audience, and what form the writing will take place. The student's practices represent what stage of the writing process?
Stages of the writing process in order:
Strategies for facilitating the audience's comprehension include coming to discussions prepared, staying on topic, maintaining eye-contact, and
choosing a topic based on background knowledge
A 2nd grade teacher has been using a number of anecdotal records compiled over several weeks about an individual student. From the information, the teacher notes that the student is having trouble with subject-verb agreement and develops a set of remediation activities for that student. Which of the following responses is an example of another qualitative measure the teacher might use?
Which assessment provides information a little late about a student's performance and employs a variety of tools and methods for obtaining information about what was learned?
Which assessment is an evaluation tool used to document student learning through a series of student developed artifacts?
Which assessment is used for observations, feedback, and journaling?
A kindergarten teacher is trying to assess her student's abilities to identify and describe shapes. Which would be the best example of a formative assessment method designed to provide the most accurate reflection of student progress?
Periodically, the teacher directs students to, "draw a triangle on your paper." The teacher then asks each child to explain what makes the shape a triangle, noting responses and alternating shapes.
Example of Commutative Property
Example of Distributive Property
There is no possibility of ever getting anything other than another real number.
Example of Identity Property
Which of the selections below best represents seriation?
a child stacks blocks of different sizes from largest to smallest
What is Seriation?
the arrangement of a collection of artifacts into a chronological sequence
A 1st grade teacher has promised a small class reward for every ten compliments received for good conduct, and larger reward when 50 compliments have been received. How would this data be best tracked and represented on the board?
Tally marks grouped by fives
Which of the following activities would be the most meaningful science experience for Kindergarten students?
Engaging in self generated, open-ended investigations
To address a state standard on forces and changes in motion, a 1st grade teacher designed an activity using balls. She marked off a space and provides the balls of different sizes and materials. The students were allowed to explore the balls and 10 minutes to discuss the question, "how did the balls roll?" This is an example of what type of teaching?
Which of the following is LEAST reflective of science interrelatedness to other disciplines?
Students create a timeline of FL history including Native American tribes, colonialism, and current events.
Greenhouse gases trap the sun's thermal energy in the atmosphere. What is a direct effect of having too much of the suns energy trapped in the Earth's atmosphere?
Increase of global temperatures
Which action would demonstrate to a class the cause of the earth's four seasons?
The teacher tilts a model of the earth on its axis as it orbits around a model of the sun.
Water is best described as a
compound. The atoms that make water are not all the same
made up of 2 or more substances
cannot be broken down to simpler substances
A substance is
a pure element.
Plants and animals are both classified as living things. They have many characteristics in common such as the ability to grow, reproduce, and use energy from food. Name a true statement about how plants and animals differ?
Animals acquire their food, whereas plants produce their own food.
What best describes the relationship between genetic and environmental influences on the development of an individual?
The impacts are intertwined and inseperable
The physical development of a 4 yr.old child is expected to include
catching a ball
A 6 yr. old cannot traverse a 5 ft. long balance beam without assistance and cannot catch a large ball. Which of the following areas of development is most likely delayed?
A major factor contributing to the literacy level of a family is
ready access to books
In the "nature versus nurture" controversy the term nature refers to
Upon entering class, a teacher notices that a student has an unusual bruise that the child cannot explain. The teacher should
follow reporting procedures to the Dept. of Children and Families
The two basis components embedded in the concept of developmentally appropriate practice as promoted by the National Association for the Education of Young Children are
age and individually appropriate
The following would be the most important included in a rich and stimulating environment in a pre-k classroom
interactive learning centers
Several 2nd grade students are struggling with the writing process. What strategy is most effective in helping these students organize their thoughts?
outlining the beginning to transfer knowledge from one subject to another
A group of kindergarten children are playing in the block area. A conflict arises about how to build a tower. The teacher should initially respond by
allowing the children to try to resolve the problem themselves
What parent activities would best encourage a parent-school partnership?
participating in a school family night
After reading a story, a Kindergarten teacher wants to provide a follow-up activity to facilitate interpretive thinking skills. The best strategy would be to have children
act out the story with props
Which strategy can be used to promote student's dramatic creative expression?
Having students participate in readers theatre
Ensuring a 2nd grade student with special needs has the opportunity to join grade-level peers during music class is an example of
least restrictive environment
A teacher wants to assess a student's comprehension of a reading passage. The most appreciate assessment for obtaining this information is a
A student is exhibiting aggressive behavior toward other students is frequently absent, and is experiencing periods of sadness. The teacher should
ask the guidance counselor to see the student
Which of the following would best give 1st grade students opportunities to develop collaborative skills?
participating in a pair-share reading activity
A 3rd grade teacher wants to develop students respectful behavior. This method would be the most effective for this purpose:
creating goals within the class community that reflect student's ideas and contributions.
Which of the following components of the U.S. government has the power to impeach the president?
Produce new or original work
Justify a stand or decision.
Argue, judge, select, critique, value
Draw conclusions among ideas.
Differentiate, relate, compare/contrast, distinguish, examine, experiment.
Use information in new situations.
Execute, implement, solve, use, interpret, operate, schedule, sketch
Explain Ideas and Concepts.
Classify, describe, discuss, explain, identify, locate, recognize, report, select, translate
Recall facts and basic concepts.
Define, Duplicate, list, memorize, repeat, state
Psychologist Julian Rotter
originated the term locus of control.
Locus of control is
where we attribute causes for outcomes we experience, either externally or internally.
Freud's stages of development
oral: birth-18 (feeding/sucking)
anal: 18-36 Months (toilet training)
phallic: 3-6 yrs. (boys wanting to be like"daddy")
latency: 6 yrs. - puberty (repress sexual impulses and develop cognitive and social skills)
genital: intimate relationships with others
Erikson's developmental stages
(a central conflict must be resolved; success/failure dictates outcomes)
Autonomy vs. Shame: Toddlers
Initiative vs. Guilt: Preschoolers
Industry vs. Inferiority: Young Children 5/6
cognitive moral development
Social Learning Theory
Albert Bandura social learning theory
incorporates elements of behaviorism in that environmental rewards and punishments shape the behaviors and learning of children.
also incorporates cognitive processes of attention, memory, and motivational learning.
Bandura's four conditions required for learning:
Piaget stages of cognitive development
Adults can support early childhood language development by
frequently conversing with young children, reading books to them, introducing and explaining new vocab words, and playing games involving naming and classifying things.
the belief that one's thoughts make external events happen.
ex: wishing out loud
being unable to see others' perspectives
giving human qualities to inanimate objects
the animation of letters, numbers, objects etc.
the understanding that an object or substance conserves, or retains, its essential properties despite changes in appearance or configuration.
humanistic theory of self-actualization
Maslow's humanistic theory of self-actualization
humans are driven by needs and meeting the most basic needs is a prerequisite to meeting more advanced needs.
Maslow used a pyramid to depict the human needs
(Bottom to top)
1. Physiological needs
2. Security needs
3. Social needs
4. Esteem needs
5. Self- Actualizing needs
actualization tendency: actualizing or realizing one's full potential
"Conditions of worth"
Whole Language Approach
children must construct their own knowledge through their interactions with their environments.
concentrates on children's seeking, finding, and constructing meaning in language.
Language Experience Approach (LEA)
teaches beginning reading by connecting student's personal life experiences with written/printed words.
Basal Reading Approach
skills-based bottom/up approach
Process skills that good Early childhood educators help develop are
Family Systems Theory
Nuclear Family Emotional System
Dysfunction in One's Spouse
Impairment of One or More Children
Family Projection Process
when parents can project their anxieties onto their children
Zone of Proximal Development
identified an area or range of skills wherein a learner can complete a task he cannot yet complete independently, given some help.
originated the concept of Kindergarten
compare a child's test results to those of a comparison group of other children in the same age group, grade, or developmental level.
compare a child's test to a predetermined standard or performance for the child's age group age/grade/level.
Good for measuring levels of mastery
the rules for the combinations of speech sounds within a given language.
the smallest structural/grammatical units that convey or affect meaning.
meanings of morphemes, words, and sentences.
sentence structure and word order, and is related to a language's rules for correctly combining morphemes and words into suffixes/inflections, sentences, questions, and imperatives.
rules for using language appropriately in various situations.
Stages of ESOL
Preproduction: 1st six months
Early Production: 6months to a year
Speech Emergent: 1-3 yrs
Intermediate Fluency: 3-5 yrs
Advanced Fluency: 5-7yrs
language processing deficit caused by neurological damage or deficiency.
the concept that written/printed letters and their patterns correspond to speech sounds
Notice, Nudge, and Narrate
the ability to read quickly, accurately, and smoothly both silently and aloud, and to read aloud with appropriate vocal intonations and expressions.
In order to have good comprehension the student must be able to do the following
1. Decode the words they read
2. Connect what they read to things they already know
3. think about what they have read in depth
Basic components of phonological and phonemic awareness are
Stages of children's spelling development
1. Precommunicative stage
2. Semiphonetic stage
3. Phonetic stage
5. Correct stage
numbers that name things
ex: (954) xxx-xxx the 954 is the area code of where we live in
include all rational and irrational numbers
can always be written as fractions that have both numerators and denominators that are whole numbers.
ex: 5 = 5/1 976575/98895647 2.5= 2 1/2
can be written as decimals but not as fractions
Newton's 1st Law of Motion
an object that is at rest will stay at rest
an object in motion tends to stay in motion unless/until an opposing force changes the objects state of rest/motion.
Newtons 2nd Law of Motion
(Force = mass x acceleration)
Newtons 3rd Law of Motion
For every action there is an equal opposition reaction.
planets in order
Make Venus Eat My Jello, Serena's Up Next
Sedimentary: held together by electrical attraction
Igneous: formed by volcanos
Metamorphic: formed by intense heat and/or pressure
the study of interactions between organisms and their environments
Family Systems theory
studies the behavior of the family unit rather than the individual family members. It includes the interactions of the members and how they respond to stress.
when people adapt or change their cultural traditions.
when various groups unite to form a new culture
Headed by Congress
House of Representatives and the Senate.
Make/pass laws, impeach officials, and approve treaties
Headed by the president.
Power includes: directing government, commanding the Armed Forces, dealing with international powers, acting as chief law enforcement officer, and vetoing laws.
He also carries out federal laws and recommends new ones, directs national defense and foreign policy, and performs ceremonial duties.
Includes interpreting the Constitution, reviewing laws, and deciding cases involving states' rights
What are the three powers of Government?
Legislative, Executive, and Judicial
Erikson's Stages of Human Development
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