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Arts and Humanities
Scripture Chapter 1
Terms in this set (41)
Name the two original sources for Catholic Teaching
The two original sources for Catholic teaching are the Scriptures and Sacred Tradition. Sacred Scripture is the speech of God put down into writing under the breath of the Holy Spirit. Sacred Tradition is the living transmission of the message of the Gospel in the Church.
What does septuagint (LXX) mean
The Greek translation of the Hebrew scripture
What does masseretic Text (MT) mean
What does canon mean
The list of inspired books. Greek for "measuring rod."
What does orthodoxy mean
The right teachings and say what is right fro moral etc.
What does subjective mean
what does objective mean
None bias, factual
What does form criticism mean
Seeks to discover the type of literature contained in the bible (GENRE)
What does text criticism mean
Compares MINOR changes and mistakes copyists made down through the centuries of translations
What is the bible
The bible is the inspired and inerrant Word of God. In the seventy-three books, it gives us the history of God's plan for our salvation, beginning with the creation of the world and ending with the beginnings of the christian church.
What does redaction criticism mean
Focuses on the authors as editors (EDITS) in order to understand how and why they arranged the work the way they did
What is Tradition
Tradition is the scripture. It is what the apostles wrote down, but first the stories were told in their homes and with their families.
What does Hermeneutics mean
the theory and methodology of interpretation, a branch of theology that deals with the principles
underlying biblical exegesis.
What does "inerrant" mean
Inerrant means that it does not err. Scripture always teaches truth, never error. We know that the words in the bible are true and not false. We must acknowledge that the books of Scripture firmly, faithfully, and without error, teach that truth which God, for sake of our salvation, wished to see confided to the Sacred Scripture.
What does Exegesis mean
a careful investigation of the original meaning of texts in their historical and literary contexts
What does "inspired" mean
Inspired means that God himself guided the authors who wrote the books of the bible. The writers' intellect were enlightened directly by the action of the Holy Spirit to write what God wanted and nothing more. This process took place over several thousand years.
What does Eisegesis mean
opposite of exegesis which means "reading into" the text
What is the divinely chosen interpreter of Scripture
The divinely chosen interpreter is God. God is the principal author of Scripture; the human authors are also true authors though. There is nothing in Scripture that inspired by God.
What does Criticism mean
various methods of doing biblical exegesis, each having a specific goal and a specific set of questions; biblical "criticism"
What does "infallibility" mean
Infallible means that, because of the divine help of christ himself, the church cannot teach error in matters of Faith and morals.
Divine Revelation; God's self to us communication
What is the purpose of the Magisterium
The purpose of the Magisterium is to interpret both Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition.
Oral Tradition; Told in groups or families for years because many people could not read
Who is the author of the Bible
The author of the Bible is the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit can guide human authors in the choice of expressions in such a way that the latter will express a truth the fullest depths of which the authors themselves do not perceive.This deeper truth will be more fully revealed in the course of time and discerned in the church under the guidance of the Holy Spirit.
Written tradition; The stories that were told were written down so they would never be forgotten
How did the authors off the bible differ from many people today in their view of religion
The authors of the bible differ from many people today in their view of religion because they wrote the bible in the way the people of their time could understand, since many people didn't know how to read the bible it would have to be written in the language of the interpreter.
Canonization; approved lists of books
Explain the meaning of number 107 of the Catechism of the Catholic Church
The meaning of number 107 of the Catechism of the Catholic is that since the books were inspired by God they are truth and they are firmly, faithfully, and without no error teach truth. Also that God does this for the sake of our salvation, wished to see confided to the Sacred Scriptures.
List the 5 rules for determining correct spiritual interpretation
The five rules for determining correct scriptural interpretation is that Scripture is literature. Another thing to remember is that the Bible is ancient literature. We need to understand the literal sense first and remember that the Bible has a different purpose from other human literature. The Bible is religious.
What is everything name for 1 MC 5:3-8
- 1 more than one book with the same name
MC- name of the book
3-8- verses to read
What is the Literal sense
The literal sense is what the sacred writer, inspired by the Holy Spirit, wanted to express. It is usually interpreted to be the immediate and direct meaning of the text.
What does this mean John 9:12b
Read John chapter 9 and the second part of verse 12
List and define the 3 spiritual senses of the Bible
The first spiritual sense is the allegorical or typical sense shows us how people and events in salvation history point forward to other times. The second spiritual sense is the moral or tropological sense shows us how we can use things the heroes of Scripture did as a pattern for our lives. The final spiritual sense i sthe anagogical sense shows us how the events we see in Scripture point upward to what we will know in Heaven.
What does historical criticism mean
Considers the social , political, and cultural environments at the time of a text's writing
Why do we say the Bible is "objective history"
The bible history is "objective history" because it is history that just tells us all the facts and there is no bias.
What does vocation mean
A call to all humans to know and love God, share the divine message of salvation, and enjoy the Eternal happiness of Heaven
What does the word "canon" mean
The word canon is the approved book . the inclusion of a book in the canon means it is divinely inspired. Many religions have many different canons. Protestants have different canons then us Catholics do.
What are "deuterocanonical" books
Protestant churches usually follow the later Jewish tradition, so most Protestant Bibles omit those books. Notwithstanding, these deuterocanonical books have the same authority as the rest of the books of the bible; they are part of Scripture. These books are recognized as Catholic teaching and practice.
What does source criticism mean
Determines what source the writers used to compose the works.
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