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88 terms

Biology Ch. 17 Test Review

STUDY
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1. What is the name given to the process by which a larva develops into an adult
metamorphosis
2. What type of animal are leeches & earthworms
annelid
3. Do arthropods have an exoskeleton or an endoskeleton
exoskeleton
4. What type of animal is a marsupial
mammal
5. What are features unique to mammals
hair and mammary gland
6. What type of animal are jellyfish, coral & sea anemone
cnidarians
7. What are the 4 characteristics chordates?
1. notochord
2. pharyngeal gill
3, dorsal
4. hallow nerve cord
5. post-anal tail
8. What type of animal is a monotreme
mammal
9. How do sponges differ from all other animals
no tissues
10. What type animal is are squid &mussels
mollusk
11. What has a medusa stage and a polyp stage
cnidarian
12. What type of animal is a salamander
amphibian
13. Is an earthworm's digestive tract complete or incomplete?
complete
14. How do monotremes reproduced?
lay eggs
15. What type of animal is a dog
mammal
16. What type of symmetry do mammal exhibit
bilateral
17. What type of animal are lobster, shrimp, crabs
crustacians
18. What type of animal is a alligator
reptile
19. What are animals characterized by a chitinous exoskeleton, molting, jointed appendages, and a body formed of distinct segments
arthropods
20. What type of animal are sponges
porifera
21. What is an example of an eutherian?
dog, cat, human
22. What is a hard skeleton is located within the soft tissue of an animal
endoskeleton
23. What is an example of a example of a roundworm
pinworm, hookworms
24. What is an example of flatworms
tapeworms
25. What allows mammals to live & be active in cold climates & perform strenuous activities for long periods of time
endothermy
26. What type of animal are starfish, sea urchins
echinoderms
27. What is an example of a monotreme?
echidna, platypus
28. What is an example of a marsupial?
koala, kangaroo
29. What is the simplest animal
sponge
30. What type of animal are scorpions & spiders
arachnids
31. In the evolution of animals there were three branching points, what was there order?
true tissues, body symmetry, body cavities
32. What is an animal without backbones?
invertebrate
33. What type of animal is a flatworm?
platyhelminthes
34. What is the most diverse group of arthropods
insects
35. What type of animal is a toad or frog
amphibian
36. Give an example of an object that exhibits radial symmetry
pie
37. What is The fully lined cavity between your outer body wall and your digestive tract
coelom
38. What is a body cavity not completely lined by mesodermal tissue
pseudocoelom
39. What is a hallow ball of cells that is an early embryonic stage?
blastula
40. What is a type of arthropod with four pairs legs and poisonous fangs?
arachnids
41. Which animal group is most closely related to chordates
echinoderms
42. What type of symmetry does a jellyfish exhibit
radial
43. What are largest group of mollusks including snails &slugs
gastropods
44. What include clams, mussels, scallops &oysters
bivalves
45. What molluscs that include squids and octopus
cephalopods
46. What name is given to the food-trapping cells of sponges
choanocytes
47. What is the sessile stage of a cnidarian?
polyp
48. What is the free swimming stage of the cnidarian?
medusa
49. What is the flexible tonguelike strip with teeth of a mollusk?
radula
50. What was the first vertebrate
jaw-less fish
51. What animal means double life because they live both their larval stage in water and adult stage on land
amphibian
52. What protects a fishes gills
operculum
53. There are more species of this than of any other type of animal
arthropods
54. What characteristic of arthropods that has allowed for their great success
specialized segementation
55. The arthropod skeleton is composed of
chitin
56. What invertebrate are mostly aquatic
crustaceans
57. Which came first Australopithecus or Homo neanderthalensis
australopitheecus
58. What is an animal with a backbone?
vertebrate
59. Molluscs are recognized based on what?
visceral mass
60. What is an example of a mollusc that does not have a shell?
octupus, squid
61. What characteristic is unique to echinoderms?
water vascular system
62. What are the invertebrate groups?
sponges, cnidarians, flatworms, roundworm, mollusk, arthropods, and echinoderms
63. What are the vertebrate groups?
mammals, reptiles, amphibians, birds, fish
64. What human evolution like a ladder or a multi-branched bush?
multi-branced bush
65. What group may have given rise to amphibians?
lobed-finned fish
66. What type of mammal are humans
primates
67. Give an example of a type of Osteichthyans, bony fishes.
salmon
68. What is a row of sensory organs along each side of a fish's body to detect vibrations
lateral line
69. What is the feature present in reptiles and absent in amphibians that freed reptiles from dependence on water for reproduction?
amniotic egg
70. What type of animal are Roundworms
nematodes
71. How have birds bodies evolved (for what purpose)
flying
72. What are the 2 adaptations that reptiles have for dry land
water-proof eggs and amniotic egg
73. What type of reproduction do both reptiles and birds have?
eggs
74. What helps bony fish maintain buoyancy
swim bladder
75. What are the mammalian groups that lacks a placenta?
monotremes and marsupials
76. What is the simplest animals with bilateral symmetry
flatworms
77. What is the egg-laying mammals?
monotreme
78. What type of animal are butterflies, dragonflies, ants
insects
79. What are pouched mammals
marsupials
80. What type of animal is a dinosaurs
reptiles
81. Where did humans originate?
africa
82. Which hominid appears to have been the first to use simple stone tools?
homo habilis
83. What are the 2 unique characteristics of a vertebrate?
backbone and cranium
84. Give an example of a jaw-less fish
agnatha or lamprey
85. An advantage of a segmented body is
the ability to function even when some of the segments are damaged
86. What type of animal has their body temperature determined primarily by the environment
ecotherm
87. Give an example of a type of Chondrichthyans, cartilaginous fishes
shark, ray
88. What was the most radical anatomical change in human evolution?
walking upright