1925. Also known as the Scopes Monkey Trial. This trial was a legal case that challenged the Butler Act, which made it unlawful in Tennessee to teach theories in school that denied the biblical story of creation and instead promoted the idea that man descended from a lower order of animals. The trial drew intense publicity, and the ACLU originally intended to oppose the Butler Act on the reasoning that it violated individual rights and academic freedom, making it unconstitutional, but this strategy later changed, and Clarence Darrow attacked the literal interpretation of the Bible, as well as prosecutor William Jenning Bryan's knowledge of science and other religions. The judge, John T. Raulston, was accused of being biased towards the prosecution. While Bryan came across as aged and foolish, the prosecution won the trail and the teacher was fined. It likely stopped the passage of similar laws in other states to prevent ridicule, and the trial is often regarded as a turning point in the creation-evolution debate.