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History Vocabulary

Vocab for History
STUDY
PLAY
Inference
the reasoning involved in drawing a conclusion or making a logical judgment on the basis of circumstantial evidence and prior conclusions rather than on the basis of direct observation
coherent
sticking together
commodity
articles of commerce
geography
study of the earth's surface
chronology
arrangement of events in time
Economy
frugality in the expenditure of money or resources
direct democracy
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
representative democracy
A system of government in which citizens elect representatives, or leaders, to make decisions about the laws for all the people. Used only by Greece
republic
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
empire
a group of countries under a single authority
province
the proper sphere or extent of your activities
polis
City-State
acropolis
the citadel in ancient Greek towns
agora
Greek place of assembly
forum
Roman assembly place
veto
vote against
patriarch
the male head of family or tribe
matriarch
a female head of a family or tribe
prophet
an authoritative person who divines the future
monarch
a nation's ruler or head of state usually by hereditary right
oligarch
one of the rulers in an oligarchy
emperor
the male ruler of an empire
heir
a person who inherits some title or office
altar
a raised structure on which gifts or sacrifices to a god are made
libation
the act of pouring a liquid offering (especially wine) as a religious ceremony
tribute
something given or done as an expression of esteem
sacrifice
make a sacrifice of
offering
the act of contributing to the funds of a church or charity
booty
loot; the spoils of war; goods or property seized by force; a valuable prize
monument
a structure erected to commemorate persons or events
stele
an ancient upright stone slab bearing markings
blaspheme
speak of in an irrevent or impious manner
muster
call to duty, military service, jury duty, etc.
deploy
place troops or weapons in battle formation
anoint
administer an oil or ointment to
philosopher
a wise person who is calm and rational
humanism
the doctrine emphasizing a person's capacity for self-realization through reason
aristocrat
a member of the aristocracy
arete
the strive for excellence
garrison
a fortified city