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Unit 7- WWI
Terms in this set (22)
A policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war
an organization of people (or countries) involved in a pact or treaty
The policy of extending rule or authority over a nation, country
Patriotism-love pride and loyalty of country
Assassination of Austro Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand
assassination of franz ferdinand
Heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne who was assassinated in Bosnia-Herzegovina, which triggered the Austro-Hungarians to pledge war against Serbia, which then initiated World War I.
German war plan involving a two front war against France in the west and Russia in the east. Conquer Belgium and France, stopped in France after the First Battle of the Marne
battle of the Marne
September 1914 British and French troops pushed back the German drive along the Marne river. This was the first battle of the Marne. It ended Germany's hopes for quick victory in the western front. Battle of Verdun- battle between German and French in the First World War. This and the Battle of Somme are examples of how hard it was to gain ground in WWI because of trench warfare.
battle of tannenburg
battle fought at Tannenberg (Polish: Stębark), in what is now northeastern Poland, that ended in a German victory over the Russians in the early days of World War I.
A huge German victory over Russian armies trying to invade, it sent the Russians reeling backwards and set a precedent for the next few years of Russian losses on the Eastern Front
During World War I, on Christmas Day both sides stopped fighting and joined together peacefully for Christmas.
(1915) Failed attempt by the Allies in World War I to take control of the Dardanelles Strait
sinking of the lusitania
Cruise ship that was sunk by German submarines and helped bring the US closer to involvement in WWI
battle of verdun
(1916) the longest battle of World War I; it ended in stalemate, with both sides suffering hundreds of thousands of casualties
battle of the somme
A 1916 WWI (1914-1918) battle between German and British forces. Ending in a stalemate, the bitter three-month conflict is notable for the high number of casualties- 1.25 million men killed or wounded - and the first use of tanks in warfare.
Communication intercepted by U.S. officials stating that Germany would help Mexico take back territory lost if they declared war on the United States.
The efforts by many that were home in the U.S. to support the war effort. The home-front was called to support the war effort by supporting rationing, buying war bonds, etc
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
unrestricted submarine warfare
A policy that the Germans announced on January 1917 which stated that their submarines would sink any ship in the British waters
wilsons 14 points
plan for world peace, divided into 3 parts, 1-5=issues addressed to avoid war, 6-14 dealt with boundery changes, rejected by allies
paris peace conference
The great rulers and countries excluding Germany and Russia met in Versailles to negotiate the repercussions of the war, such leaders included Loyd George (Britain), Woodrow Wilson (America), Cleamancu (France) and Italy. The treaty of Versailles was made but not agreed to be signed and the conference proved unsuccessful.
treaty of versailles
(WW) 1918, , Created by the leaders victorious allies Nations: France, Britain, US, and signed by Germany to help stop WWI. The treaty 1)stripped Germany of all Army, Navy, Air force. 2) Germany had to repair war damages(33 billion) 3) Germany had to acknowledge guilt for causing WWI 4) Germany could not manufacture any weapons.
Massive revolutionary upheaval in 1917 that overthrew the Romanov dynasty in Russia and ended with the seizure of power by communists under the leadership of Lenin
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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