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North and West Africa Test

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Mali
this country is home to the fabled city of Timbuktu; it was the center of Islamic learning in ancient times. The kind made a flamboyant hajj to Mecca and gave out large supplies of gold
Morocco
Atlas mountains cover much of this country; 8 miles from Spain across the Strait of Gibraltar
Sudan
this country votes last summer to split into two separate countries. Arab Muslims in the north; Christian farmers in the south.
Egypt
The Aswan Dam is located here; an ancient civilization started here thousands of years ago; the most industrialized nation in Africa
Tunisia
This country overthrew its dictator, Ben Ali in 2011 and started the 'Arab Spring'. Ancient city of Carthage was located here.
Libya
This country was recently freed from the rule of a dictator, Muammar Qaddafi, by a multinational effort.
Benin
Along with Togo and Nigeria, this country was home to the Yoruba; famous for 'bronzes'
Ghana
Defeated the USA in World Cup Soccer- twice; exports gold, diamonds, and bauxite; has a per capita output that is twice that of the poorest African country.
Cape Verde
These islands were uninhabited when the Portuguese arrived in the 15th century.
Nigeria
an example of a stateless society, the Igbo live in this country; the most populous country in Africa
Liberia
Became Africa's first independent black nation in 1847 as a homeland for freed slaves; most from America.
Tutan Khamen
the boy pharaoh who died at a young age; his tomb wasn't discovered until 1921.
Zheng He
remarkable Chinese explorer and admiral, he reached Africa around 1414
rai
a type of protest music
Osiris
Egyptian god of the Underworld
Bartholomew Dias
Explorer who rounded the Cape of Good Hope in 1488
souks
open air marketplaces
Coptic
the Christian Church in Egypt
Portugal
European country which started the slave trade in Europe
Great Sphinx
largest statue in Egypt
canopic jars
organs removed from the body during mummification are store in:
shawabtis
statuettes buried with the dead in ancient Egypt to perform tasks for the deceased
Anubis
Egyptian god of embalming; protector of mummies
gold and salt
What were the main products traded in the empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai?
a necropolis is a city for the dead, or a graveyard
The Valley of the Kings is the most famous necropolis on earth. What is a necropolis?
asasai
colorful cloth woven by the Ashanti of Ghana is called:
escarpment
a steep slope with a nearly flat plateau on top:
Aksum
the Queen of Sheba was from which ancient African kingdom?
Sahel
a narrow band of dry grassland that runs east to west along the southern edge of the Sahara:
Nile
this river flooded gradually and regularly, thus enabling the Egyptians to be successful farmers
aquifers
huge stores of underground water under the Sahara
Sahara
this desert is the world's largest desert; temperatures can reach 130 degrees in the shade
oil and gold
what are some of the abundant resources in Africa?
true, they were built by paid workers
t/f: the pyramids were not built by slaves
true
t/f: only 20% of the Sahara consists of sand
false, they had been trafficking slaves before their arrival
t/f: the trafficking of slaves started in Africa with the arrival of Europeans in 1444
true
t/f: "mummy unwrapping parties" were all the rage in Victorian England
false
t/f: Islam spread into Africa in the 3rd and 4th centuries
Goree Island
what island, off the coast of Senegal, was the location of a slave fort that eventually 20 million slaves went through?
Babalawo
in the Yoruba religion, diviners or fortune-tellers are called:
Esu
the Yoruba trickster figure:
twins
the Yoruba believed that __________ brought good fortune.
Sierra Leone
which country has a 35% literacy rate, poor roads and transportation systems, and once produced some of the world's highest-quality diamonds?
4,000 permanent, 16-20,000 secondary
the Great Pyramid was built by how many permanent workers? and how many secondary workers?
beer and 10 loaves of bread
(Old Kingdom 2686-2181 BC) manual workers who were housed in a camp by the pyramid town were given rations of...
true
true or false: the pyramid workers were clearly not slaves
true
true or false: DNA samples taken from the bones of the workers show that building the pyramids was truly a nationwide project
copper processing plant, bakeries, fish processing unit
historians found these at the industrial complex just south of the pyramid town
Carthage
around 814 BC a Phoenician queen founded __________ in present day Tunisia
Souks
open air marketplaces
rai
Algeria is home to this type of music developed in the 1920's which is now used as a form of rebellion against Islamic fundamentalists
20%
the percentage of women who are part of Tunisia's parliament
oil
discovery that transformed the economies of Libya, Tunisia and Algeria