Essential Objective 6
African-Americans who had been set free from slavery
An official pardon for a group of people who have violated a law or policy
To formally charge a public official with misconduct in office
Southerners who were in power before the Civil War and did not wish to see many changes after the war was over.
A person who works fields rented from a landowner and pays the rent by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops.
Northerner who traveled south to gain power or make money off of the Reconstruction
White southerners who supported the Republicans during Reconstruction
Ku Klux Klan
Group founded in the 1860s in the south; tried to control newly freed slaves through threats and violence
Plessy v. Ferguson
Supreme Court ruled that segregation in public places facilities was legal as long as the facilites were equal
Poll Tax
Fee paid in order to vote
Grandfather Clause
A clause in registration laws allowing people who do not meet registration requirements to vote if they or their ancestors had voted before 1867
The legal separation of people based on racial differences
Jim Crow Laws
Segragation laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites
New South
Used to describe the South's investment in rebuilding its economy through ventures other than King Cotton
13th Amendment
The amendment which abolished slavery
14th Amendment
The amendment that declared that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
15th Amendment
Amendment that stated that citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color , or precious condition of servitude
Black Codes
Southern laws and regulations created to restrict the rights of the newly freed slaves
John Wilkes Booth
United States actor and assassin of President Lincoln
Radical Republicans
Political party that favored an extreme, harsh punishment of Southern states after civil war
The time of reorganization and rebuilding of the former Confederate states after the Civil War
Literacy Test
A test administered as a precondition for voting, often used to prevent African-Americans from exercising their right to vote.
Amnesty Act
Act passed by Congress in 1872 which pardoned most former Confederates
Freedmen's Bureau
Agency set up to aid former slaves in adjusting themselves to freedom. It furnished food and clothing to needy blacks and helped them get jobs
Rutherford B. Hayes
19th President, ended Reconstruction by removing federal troops
Compromise of 1877
Unwritten deal that settled the 1876 presidential election contest between Rutherford Hayes and Samuel Tilden. Hayes was awarded the presidency in exchange for the permanent removal of federal troops from the South.
Ford's Theater
Site of Lincoln's assassination
Andrew Johnson
First president to be impeached
Ten Percent Plan
President Lincoln's early plan to quickly bring back the Southern states