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44 terms

monotheism quiz vocabulary

vocabulary on christianity, judaism, and islam
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torah
Main sacred writing in judaism
places of worship
synagogue, temple, shul (a place where people go to pray and worship
hanukkah
holiday that celebrates victory/miracle from ancient times
bar (or bat) mitzvah
a ceremony where a child becomes an adult in the jewish religion
yom kippur
holiday, day of atonement - reflect and ask forgiveness(one of the most holy holidays)
abraham
a man who lived 4,000 years ago and founded judaism
rosh hashanah
holiday celebrating the jewish new year
10 commandments
the laws that god gave to moses (who was a prophet) to give to the people
talmud
sacred writing of all the commandments/laws
monotheistic
Any religion that believes in one God.
3 branches of judaism
All follow the moral/ethical teachings on Judaism. Orthodox (most strict in performing historic traditions), Conservative (middle - follow or adapt many historic traditions), Reform (least strict in performing all the historic traditions)
passover
The story of how Moses freed the Jewish people from slavery, refers to how the angel of death passed over the Jewish people during the last of the 10 plagues.
rabbi
Spiritual leader "teacher"
sabbath
Every week from Fri night - Sat night - day of rest & worship
cantor
Leads and reads the chant & songs during a service
star of david
A Jewish symbol
church
Place of worship and prayer
pope
Spiritual leader of the Catholic church
jesus christ
Christians believe that Jesus is God's son. Starts the Christian faith through his teachings.
cross
Christian symbol, reminds Christians of Jesus death and resurrection.
baptism
Ceremony that welcomes people into the church through water.
communion
Ceremony that remembers the Last Supper and involves bread and wine representing body and blood of Jesus Christ.
easter
Holiest holiday for Christians. It celebrates Jesus's death and resurrection.
resurrection
Someone who is brought back to life from death.
confirmation
Adults or young adults 'confirm' their choice to be Christian.
bible
Sacred writing in Christianity
old and new testament
Parts of the Bible Old Testament - Jewish sacred writings New Testament - stories of Jesus's life and early Christians.
christmas
Holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ.
trinity
Three parts of God - Father, Son & Holy Spirit
three branches
Orthodox Catholic Protestant
five pillars
1. Testify belief in only 1 God 2. Pray 5 times a day 3. Give charity to the poor 4. Fast during Ramadan
5. Trip to Mecca once in lifetime
allah
Name of God in Islam
aqiqah
Baby naming ceremony, traditionally you give charity in honor of baby.
arabic
language that Qu'ran is written in
eid-al fitr
3 day festival at the end of Ramadan - is a time to spend with family
imam
Leader of prayer during service
ka'bah
Holy mosque located in Mecca
mecca
Holy city, Muslims face towards Mecca when they pray
mosque
Place where people go to pray and worship
muhammad
Founder of Islam, prophet (messenger for God)
qu'ran
Sacred writing in Islam
ramadan
Holiest holiday, fast for month (dawn-sunset), is a time of reflection
shari'ah
A sacred writing that gives guidelines about behavior
two branches of islam
Sunni & Shiite - split occurred because of different beliefs of who should lead the church.