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31 terms

AP Gov (Sabato 10th ed.) Ch. 13

Voting and Elections
STUDY
PLAY
conventional political participation
Political participation that attempts to influence the political process through ell-accepted, often moderate forms of persuasion
unconventional participation
Political participation that attempts to influence the political process through unusual or extreme measures, such as protests, boycotts, and picketing
turnout
The proportion of the voting-age public that votes
ticket-splitting
Voting for candidates of different parties for various offices in the same election
retrospective judgement
A voter's evaluation of the performance of the party in power
prospective judgement
A voter's evaluation of a candidate based on what he/she pledges to do about an issue if elected
authoritarian system
A system of government that bases its rule on force rather than consent of the governed
electorate
The citizens eligible to vote
mandate
A command, indicated by an electorate's votes, for the elected officials to carry out their platforms
primary election
Election in which voters decide which of the candidates within a party will represent the party in the general election
closed primary
A primary election in which only a party's registered votes are eligible to vote
open primary
A primary in which party members, independents and sometimes members of the other party are allowed to vote
crossover voting
Participation in the primary of a party with which the voter is not affiliated
raiding
An organized attempt by voters of one party to influence the primary results of the other party
runoff primary
A second primary election between the two candidates receiving the greatest number of votes in the first primary
general election
Election in which voters decide which candidates will actually fill elective public offices
ballot measure
An election option such as the initiative or referendum that enables voters to enact public policy
initiative
An election that allows citizens to propose legislation and submit it to the state electorate for popular vote
referendum
An election whereby the state legislature submits proposed legislation to the state's voters for approval
recall
An election in which voters can remove an incumbent from office by popular vote
front-loading
The tendency of states to chose an early date on the primary calendar
unit rule
A traditional party practice under which the majority of a state delegation can force the minority to vote for its candidate
superdelegate
Delegate slot to the Democratic Party's national convention that is reserved for an elected party official
Electoral College
Representatives of each state who cast the final ballots that actually elect a president
elector
Member of the Electoral College chosen by methods determined in each state
reapportionment
The reallocation of the number of seats in the House of representatives after each decennial census
incumbency
The holding of an office
redistricting
Redrawing congressional districts to reflect increases or decreases in seats allotted to the states as well as population shifts within a state
gerrymandering
The legislative process through which the majority party in each state legislature tries to assure that the maximum number of representatives from its political party can be elected to Congress through the redrawing of legislative districts
midterm election
An election that takes place in the middle of a presidential term
regional primary
A proposed system in which the country would be divided into five or six geographical areas and all states in each region would hold their primary elections on the same day