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History- Chapter 9
Terms in this set (45)
When was the first presidential election held in the United States?
Who won the first election in the US? Who was runner-up?
George Washington; John Adams
What were the results of the Federal Judiciary Act of 1789?
It gave the Supreme Court 5 associate justices and 1 chief justice
Who was appointed as the first chief justice of the Supreme Court?
What departments did Congress create to help Washington lead the nation?
State, war, treasury, justice, and postal service
What was the role of the state department respectively?
Relations with other countries
What was the role of the war department respectively?
In charge of the nation's defense
What was the role of the treasury department respectively?
In charge of nation's economy or financial security
Who did Washington appoint for Secretary of State?
Who did Washington appoint for Secretary of War?
Who did Washington appoint for Secretary of the Treasury?
Who did Washington appoint for Attorney General?
What financial problems was America facing?
The country was in debt due to borrowing large sums of money during the American Revolution; while, at the same time being in debt to private American citizens who had not been paid for their military service during the war.
What were Alexander Hamilton's political views in terms of national government versus state government? (Did he want a weak central government, or a strong central government? Did he want the power of national or state government to be stronger?)
He believed in a strong central government and thought the power of the national government should be stronger than that of the state.
What three steps did Hamilton propose to improve the nation's finances and strengthen the national government?
1.) Pay off all war debts
2.) Raise government revenue
3.) Create a national bank
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