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Congress

Mr. Johnson's AP Gov Review Sheet
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Pork Barreling
legislation that gives tangible benefits to constituents in hope of winning their vote in the next election
War Powers Act
1793: Notify Congress within 48 hours of deploying troops; had to gain congress' approval to stay longer than 90 days; designed to curtail President's power
Budget Impoundment Act
established congressional budget committees and the Congressional Budget Office, and gave Congress the power to prevent the president from refusing to fund Congressional initiatives
Whips
Party leaders who work with the majority leader or minority leader to count votes beforehand and lean on waverers whose votes are crucial to a bill favored by the party.
Filibuster
a legislator who gives long speeches in an effort to delay or obstruct legislation that he (or she) opposes; in Senate
Cloture Vote
a procedure for terminating debate over a bill, especially filibusters, in the Senate, in order to obtain a vote on the bill
President Pro Tempore
Officer of the Senate selected by the majority party to act as chair in the absence of the vice president
House of Representatives qualifications
25 years of age, citizen of state/country-7 years, 435 members
Senate qualifications
30 years of age, 9 year US citizen, Inhabitant of state represented, 100 members
Duties of House of Representatives
propose revenue laws; elect president in the event of a tie; timed debate; If a member dies, resigns, or is impeached, he is replaced by a special election in their state
Duties of Senate
Confirm or reject treaties with other nations, confirm or reject presidential nominees; Untimed debates-they can have a filibuster; If a senator dies, resigns, or is impeached, the governor of that state appoints an new senator