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Mr. Johnson's AP Gov Review Sheet

Pork Barreling

legislation that gives tangible benefits to constituents in hope of winning their vote in the next election

War Powers Act

1793: Notify Congress within 48 hours of deploying troops; had to gain congress' approval to stay longer than 90 days; designed to curtail President's power

Budget Impoundment Act

established congressional budget committees and the Congressional Budget Office, and gave Congress the power to prevent the president from refusing to fund Congressional initiatives


Party leaders who work with the majority leader or minority leader to count votes beforehand and lean on waverers whose votes are crucial to a bill favored by the party.


a legislator who gives long speeches in an effort to delay or obstruct legislation that he (or she) opposes; in Senate

Cloture Vote

a procedure for terminating debate over a bill, especially filibusters, in the Senate, in order to obtain a vote on the bill

President Pro Tempore

Officer of the Senate selected by the majority party to act as chair in the absence of the vice president

House of Representatives qualifications

25 years of age, citizen of state/country-7 years, 435 members

Senate qualifications

30 years of age, 9 year US citizen, Inhabitant of state represented, 100 members

Duties of House of Representatives

propose revenue laws; elect president in the event of a tie; timed debate; If a member dies, resigns, or is impeached, he is replaced by a special election in their state

Duties of Senate

Confirm or reject treaties with other nations, confirm or reject presidential nominees; Untimed debates-they can have a filibuster; If a senator dies, resigns, or is impeached, the governor of that state appoints an new senator

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