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ch. 63 Trauma and Orthopedic surgery
Terms in this set (16)
surgical reconstruction replacement of joint
inflammation of the bursa
carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)
a condition caused by compression of the median nerve beneath the transverse carpal ligament within the narrow confines of the carpal tunnel located in the wrist.
a condition in which elevated intracompartmental pressure within a confined myofascial compartment compromises the neurovascular function of tissues within that space.
a serve injury of the ligamentous structures that surround a joint resulting in the complete displacement or separation of the articular surfaces of the joint
fat embolism syndrome (FES)
embolization of fat globules that occurs in a small percentage of patients with fractures
a disruption or break in the continuity of the structure of bone
removing or adding a wedge or slice of bone to change its alignment and shift weight bearing, thereby correcting deformity and relieving pain
phantom limb sensation
the perception of sensations or pain in an amputated limb
repetitive strain injury(RSI)
a cumulative trauma disorder resulting from prolonged, forceful, or awkward movements resulting on strain of tendons, ligaments, and muscles, causing tiny tears that become inflamed.
ligament injury caused by wrenching or twisting (ankle, wrist & knee)
excessive stretching of muscle, fascial sheath or tendon (back, calf, and hamstrings)
Thumb, elbow, shoulder, hip, and patella most commonly affected
the surgical removal of synovial membrane
the application of a pulling force to an injured or diseased part of the body or an extremity while countertraction pulls in the opposite direction
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