Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (27)
Philosophers, writers, economists, social reformers
Separation of powers
system of political limits and controls
to let (people) do (what they want)
idea that God lets the universe run by its own laws
Natural economic laws
interests of the Physiocrats and Adam Smith
Adam didn't give the government the role of
religion (the church)
Rousseau argued that society should be governed by
a social contract
Rousseau didn't believe in
abolition of the church
Diderot's Encyclopedia was used to
attack religious superstition
Montesquieu's ideas were used in
the US constitution
What changed views in the 15th and 16th century?
Technical problems, invention of new instruments, and mathematics
Who constructed a model of the universe using Ptolemy's ideas
Who argued that the sun was the center of the universe
Who created the laws of planetary motion
Who was the first European to make regular observations of the heavens using a telescope?
Who defined three laws of motion using the law of gravitation
How did Vesalius and Harvey disprove Galen's theories
They used human body dissections rather than animal dissections
Who grew the belief that humans weren't the masters of nature
Who discovered the Comet
What is the significance of Descartes' principle of the separation of mind and matter
This allowed scientists to view matter as dead or inertia as something that was totally detached from themselves and that could be investigated independently by reason.
What are the major characteristics of the scientific method
It collects and analyzes evidence using different stages, and inductive reasoning. (Hypothesis & accuracy/precision)
What was Newton's main contribution to the Enlightenment thought?
Intellectuals used his methods to discover the natural laws that governed human society
Major contributions of Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Diderot
M- used the scientific method to find he natural laws that govern the social and political relationships of human beings.
V- criticized Christianity and showed strong belief in religious tolerance
D- published to change the general way of thinking
What were Rousseau's basic theories
He believed in the social contract and that education should foster, and not restrict, children's natural instinct. He believed that emotions were important to human development
How did Mary Wollstonecraft use the Enlightenment ideal of reason to advocate rights for women?
She noted that the same people who argued that women must obey men also said that government based on the arbitrary power of monarchs over their subjects was wrong and that since the Enlightenment was based off the ideal of reason and women have reason so, women have the same rights as men
Importance of salons
The women who hosted the salons found themselves in a position to sway political opinion and influence literary and artistic taste, as the salons brought writers and artists together with aristocrats, government officials and wealthy middle-class people
Central ideas of Methodism
Methodism stressed the importance of hard work and encouraged behaviors that led to spiritual contentment, which took the place of political equality. It appeals to the lower class, giving them a sense of purpose and community.
How did the Catholic Reformation revitalize the Catholic Church?
Laws against the Concealment of Jewish Commercial Enterprises and Governing the Registration of Jewish Assets
John Locke - ideas on the formation of governments? Why do people form governments?
Which event immediately followed the storming of the Bastille?
Recommended textbook explanations
Impact California Social Studies World History, Culture, & Geography The Modern World
Jackson J. Spielvogel
Modern World History Patterns of Interaction
Dahia Ibo Shabaka, Larry S. Krieger, Linda Black, Phillip C. Naylor, Roger B. Beck
World History: Connections to Today (Volume 1)
Sets with similar terms
Ch 17 vocab
Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment
Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment Terms
World History Chapter 17
Other sets by this creator
Bio Exam Review
Biology first exam
Spanish study guide
final exam media
Other Quizlet sets
WTP unit 6&7
Ferguson 1020 Test 2
unit 5 / 6
Period 3 Review
(A) Briefly explain ONE new art movement that emerged during the early twentieth century. (B) Briefly explain TWO ways in which the movement you identified in part A had moved away from the realist perspective.
Renaissance art and architecture were followed by the movements known as Mannerism and Baroque. Which of the following best exemplifies how these two movements were different from Renaissance art? (A) The use of distortion, drama, and illusion in these forms of art (B) A human-centered naturalism in these forms of art (C) The newly invented technique of geometric perspective (D) Works that were mostly based on classical styles
To what extent did the emergence and development of socialist parties and trade union meet the needs of the working classes between 1871 and 1894?
How did European states respond to the increase in crime in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries?