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48 terms

court cases and terms ap gov

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Marbury v. Madison
judicial review
McCollough v. Maryland
supremacy clause/ necessary and proper clause (always Congress)
Plessy v. Fergusen
narrow interpretation of 14th amendment; separate but equal
Brown v. Board
broad interpretation of 14th amendment; reversed Plessy
Gitlow v. NY
incorporated 1st amendment; due process clause
Mapp v. OH
14th and 4th; exclusionary rule (can't use illegally obtained evidence in court)
Giedeon v. Weignright
14th and 6th; right to attorney
Miranda v. AZ
5th and 14th; defendants rights
Wolf v. CO
4th and 14th; no illegal search and seizure
CA v. Bakke
affirmative action (quotas unconstitutional)
Roe v. Wade
14th and 9th; right to privacy (1st trimester abortion ok)
Baker v. Carr
violates principle of "one person, one vote"
Miller v. CA
obscenity up to the local government
Dred Scott v. Sanford
freed slaves sent back to their state; victory for Southern states over federal gov't
Angle v. Batali
school prayer
Gibbons v. Augden
expand interstate commerce clause (Congress)
US v. Nixon
no unqualified executive privilege
TX v. Johnson
flag burning is legal: freedom of speech
realigning election
election that changes parties
rule of four
4 supreme court justices agree to hear a case
habeas corpus
must have a charge to be held
concurrent powers
shared powers between state and federal gov't
rider
nongermane attachment to a bill
judicial review
power given to supreme court to rule on constitutionality
necessary and proper
gives Congress ability to do something that helps it carry out its powers
iron triangle
bureaucracy, interest groups, Congress; how laws are made
commerce clause
allows Congress to control any economic activity
due process
everybody has same rights when getting arrested
eminent domain
gov'ts ability to take your property for the betterment of the community
OMB
office of management and budget; controls the money
PACs
gives money to candidates ($5000 max)
block grant
more disgression; favored by states and Reps
category grant
criteria must be met; favored by Dems & federal gov't
coattail effect
when the president is popular, he brings people from his party into office and vice versa
selective preparation
watch TV (etc.); your ideology impacts how you perceive the story/debate/etc.
filibuster
delay tactic in senate
cloture
stops filibuster, needs60 votes min
plurality
the most votes; what you need to win an election
senatorial courtesy
senate nominates a judge for their state
logrolling
exchanging of votes on the congressional floor
standing committee
permanent, most of the work gets done on a bill
conference committee
final version of a bill is written up
delegates
how congressmen vote for us
trustee
how congressmen vote for themselves
deficit
single year you spend more than you take in
debt
combined deficits
divided government
different parties divide the gov't
Motor Voter Law
tries to get more citizens to register to vote