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16 terms

Microbiology

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cilia
short, hair-like structures made of microtubules that enable movement of cells or movement of materials outside a cell
organism
a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
cell wall
a thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell.
control what goes in and out.
cytoplasm
cell fluid inside of cells
flagella
long, thin, whip-like structures, with a core of microtubules, that enable some cells to move
diaphragm
regulates the amount of light on the specimen
compound
a microscope that uses two or more lenses to magnify an image
organelles
small structures in the cytoplasm that do special jobs
methylen blue
it is used to stain cells for viewing under a microscope.
chloroplasts
capture energy from sunlight and use it to produce food for the cell. It is green structures inside of a plant cells that collect sunlight.
ocular
combination of lenses at the viewing end of optical instruments
protist
single-celled or simple multicellular eukaryotic organisms that generally do not fit in any other kingdom. sometimes called the junk drawer kingdom.
microbiology
the study of microscopic organisms
binary fission
a form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by which one cell divides into two cells of the same size
protozoans
an animal like protist that is able to move from place to place to obtain there food
eukaryotic
A cell characterized by the presence of a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles. live in moist environments. Eukaryotes can be unicellular (protists) or multicellular (fungi, plants and animals).