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process in sexual reproduction in which male and female reproductive cells join to form a new cell
a class of nutrients that builds body tissues and supplies energy. protein is made of amino acids.
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments from one cell to another or from one organism to another
scientists use antibiotic resistance genes as genetic makers to identify which bacteria were transformed
a gene that makes it possible to distinguish bacteria that carry a plasmid with foreign DNA from those that don't
the branch of engineering science in which biological science is used to study the relation between workers and their environments
The insertion of working copies of a gene into the cells of a person with a genetic disorder in an attempt to correct the disorder
altering the genetic make up of specific types of somatic cells within an individual
somatic cell engineering
changes in the somatic cells; does not affect sperm or egg, Difficult to change phenotype
in vitro fertilization; a technique in which eggs are surgically removed from a woman and fertilized with sperm in the laboratory and then put into a women's uterus
[genetically modified organism] an organism that has acquired one or more genes by artificial genes.
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