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33 terms

Polson's APAH: Early Asian

Art and art historical terms of early Asia
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Maurya Period (dates)
321 - 185 BCE
Reliquary
A container made of precious material used to keep sacred relics
Mandala
An image of the cosmos represented by an arrangement of circles or concentric geometric shapes used by Buddhists for meditation
Torana
In Indian architecture, an ornamented gateway arch in a temple usually leading to the stupa
Circumambulating
In Buddhism and other religions, a form of worship performed by walking around something like a stupa in a clockwise direction, a process
Yakshi (and Yaksha)
lesser Hindu and Buddhist divinities Yakshi - female goddess of fertility, Yaksha - male god of strength
Tribhanga (tribent) pose
Pose where the body is bent in two places dividing it into three different sections
Gandhara School (dates and stylistic influences)
Artwork that was a combination of Greek, Syrian, Persian and Indian traditions
Mathura School (dates and stylistic influences)
A traditional style of Indian artwork. Artwork of the Kushan dynasty of the 1st and 2nd century AD.
Gupta Period (dates)
320 - 550 BCE
Great Stupa
200 BCE, height 35', Indian (Mauryan)
Chaitya Hall
1st century BCE - 1st century CE, Indian (Mauryan)
Pagoda
An East Asian tower, usually associated with a Buddhist temple, having winged eaves thought to be derived from the Indian stupa
Cantilevering
A support beam that is anchored at one end and projects over an open space at the other
Bodhisattvas
In Buddhism, a being who has attained enlightenment, but chooses to remain in this world to help others advance spiritually
Mudras
Symbolic hand gestures in Buddhist art that denotes certain behaviors, actions or feelings
Theraveda Buddhism
A conservative school of Buddhism founded in India - the oldest form of Buddhism. Holds the belief that insight comes from experience, critical investigation and reasoning
Mahayana Buddhism
Larger of the 2 major forms of Buddhism. Mahayana Buddhism originated in India, and is widely practiced in China. It is a loosely bound collection of teachings with expansive list of doctrines that are able to coexist simultaneously
Western Pure Land Buddhism
Division of Mahayana Buddhism that teaches of a beautiful pure land in the west
Amida Buddhism
A sect of Mahayana Buddism devoted to Amitabha Buddha. Believers that call on him at the moment of death go to his pure land
Mantra
Sanskrit term for the ritual words or syllables recited in Shingon Buddhism
Confucianism
Chinese ethical and philosophical system developed from the teachings of Confucious 551-478 BCE
Daoism (Taoism)
Term for the philosophical or religious tradition where the basic concept is to establish harmony with the tao (a mechanism of everything that exists)
Quinn Dynasty (dates)
221 - 206 BCE
Mausoleum of Emperor Shihuangdi
210 BCE, earthenware, approx. 8,000 lifesize statues, Chinese (Quinn dynasty)
Han Dynasty (dates)
206BCE - 220CE
Painted Banner, Tomb of the Marquess of Dai
160 BCE, colors on silk. 7'. Chinese (Han Dynasty)
Wei Dynasty (dates)
386-535 CE
Seated Buddha, Cave 20
450 CE, stone 45', Shanxi, Chinese (Wei Dynasty)
Tang Dynasty (dates)
618-907 CE
Great Wild Goose Pagoda
650 CE, Xian, Chinese (Tang Dynasty)
Song Dynasty (dates)
960 - 1279 CE
Travellers among Mountains and Streams
Fan Kuan, 1000 CE, hanging scroll, ink and colors on silk, 6'9" tall, Chinese (Song Dynasty)