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A public policy program in which national, state, and local policymakers collaborate is?

cooperative federalism

Which of the following best summarizes the decisions of the Supreme Court in regard to the powers of the national government?

From the 1930s to the mid-1990s the SC tended to support expansion of national authority; recently, it has been placing limits on that authority.

A confederation can best be described as?

a loose association of independent states

If a state accepts a federal grant-in-aid, it must?

comply with federal restrictions on its use

The Articles of Confederation failed because?

They could not raise money, there was no one person to direct the government, they did not give the gov't power to regulate commerce.

In 1995, the SC concluded that Congress had overreached the legitimate bounds of the commerce power when Congress tried to regulate the possession of?


Shay's Rebellion consisted of?

farmers trying to prevent foreclosure on their property for debts and taxes owed.

Federal grant-in-aids used only for a designated activity are called

categorical grants

What constitutional crisis emerged from Shay's Rebellion?

Congress, under the Articles of Confederation, lacked the power to confront significant national emergencies.

The elastic clause is related to which of the following concepts?

enumerated powers, reserved powers, implied powers, and concurrent powers. Or, all of the above.

The Federal Gov'ts power to tax, regulate commerce among the states, and declare war are all examples of?

enumerated powers

The effect of using funds, such as transportation money, by Congress to "encourage" states to comply with federal standards by using the threat of reduced funds was that?

every state approved legislation setting the drinking age at twenty one.

A blending of state and national authority is associated with ____ federalism, while a separation of national and state authority is associated with ___ federalism.


The principal of checks and balances is based on the notion that?

power must be used to offset power.

In assigning the powers of the government, the Constitution?

Lists the powers given to the national gov't and the powers denied the states and leaves all other powers to the states or the people.

Marbury v. Madison is a landmark SC decision because it

set the precedent for judicial review

In Federalist No. 10, James Madison argued that

interest groups should be heavily regulated in America

The clause of the Constitution that empowers the federal gov't to regulate commerce among the states and with other nations

Commerce Clause

The ultimate authority to govern within a geographical area


The situation in which the national, state, and local levels work together to solve problems

Cooperative federalism

These individuals were against a strong national government


The power to declare congressional (and presidential) acts invalid because they violate the Constitution

judicial review

A part of the Constitution that puts national law over state law when the national govt is acting within its constitutional limits

Supremacy Clause

Allows the states and fed govt to exercise power separately in areas of legitimate concern to them

Dual Federalism

A concept whereby this President believed in the ability of the states and the individuals to have increased responsibility in the federal government

Jeffersonian Democracy

The amendment that most people who advocate the rights of the states rely on

10th amendment

The passing down of authority from the national govt to states and localities


A concept whereby this president believed that the people could be powerfully involved in their govt, encouraging states to award their electoral votes to that candidate that votes according to the number of popular votes in that state

Jacksonian Democracy

Federal cash payments to states and localities for programs they administer

grant in aid

McCulloch v Maryland

affirmed that national law is supreme to conflicting state law

The national govt assumed its greatest power during

The Great Depression and afterwards

A government that met to discuss issues but would not be in direct control of the people


A governmental system in which authority is divided between two sovereign levels of govt


The authority granted to Congress in Article 1, sec 8 of the constitution "to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper" for the implementation of its enumerated powers

Necessary and Proper (Elastic) clause

Called for separate executive and judicial branches. It was based on population and was favored by the large states

The Virginia Plan

Called for bicameral congress. The House of Reps would be based on population, and the Senate would consist of two reps per state. (Combination of the Virginia and New Jersey Plans)

The Great Compromise

Neither life, liberty, or property shall be taken away without due process

Due process clause

In defense of their position, gun control advocates argue that the right to bear arms outlined in the 2nd amendment relates only to

state militias

Which president was responsible for desegregation of the armed forces

Harry Truman

Most protections outlined in the Bill of Rights now apply to the states as a result of the SC's interpretation of the

Due process clause

In Brown v Board of Education, the SC mandated an end to

Segregation in public schools

Which president sent federal troops into Little Rock to assist with school desegregation


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