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History Final

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A public policy program in which national, state, and local policymakers collaborate is?
cooperative federalism
Which of the following best summarizes the decisions of the Supreme Court in regard to the powers of the national government?
From the 1930s to the mid-1990s the SC tended to support expansion of national authority; recently, it has been placing limits on that authority.
A confederation can best be described as?
a loose association of independent states
If a state accepts a federal grant-in-aid, it must?
comply with federal restrictions on its use
The Articles of Confederation failed because?
They could not raise money, there was no one person to direct the government, they did not give the gov't power to regulate commerce.
In 1995, the SC concluded that Congress had overreached the legitimate bounds of the commerce power when Congress tried to regulate the possession of?
guns
Shay's Rebellion consisted of?
farmers trying to prevent foreclosure on their property for debts and taxes owed.
Federal grant-in-aids used only for a designated activity are called
categorical grants
What constitutional crisis emerged from Shay's Rebellion?
Congress, under the Articles of Confederation, lacked the power to confront significant national emergencies.
The elastic clause is related to which of the following concepts?
enumerated powers, reserved powers, implied powers, and concurrent powers. Or, all of the above.
The Federal Gov'ts power to tax, regulate commerce among the states, and declare war are all examples of?
enumerated powers
The effect of using funds, such as transportation money, by Congress to "encourage" states to comply with federal standards by using the threat of reduced funds was that?
every state approved legislation setting the drinking age at twenty one.
A blending of state and national authority is associated with ____ federalism, while a separation of national and state authority is associated with ___ federalism.
cooperative;dual
The principal of checks and balances is based on the notion that?
power must be used to offset power.
In assigning the powers of the government, the Constitution?
Lists the powers given to the national gov't and the powers denied the states and leaves all other powers to the states or the people.
Marbury v. Madison is a landmark SC decision because it
set the precedent for judicial review
In Federalist No. 10, James Madison argued that
interest groups should be heavily regulated in America
The clause of the Constitution that empowers the federal gov't to regulate commerce among the states and with other nations
Commerce Clause
The ultimate authority to govern within a geographical area
Sovereignty
The situation in which the national, state, and local levels work together to solve problems
Cooperative federalism
These individuals were against a strong national government
Anti-Federalists
The power to declare congressional (and presidential) acts invalid because they violate the Constitution
judicial review
A part of the Constitution that puts national law over state law when the national govt is acting within its constitutional limits
Supremacy Clause
Allows the states and fed govt to exercise power separately in areas of legitimate concern to them
Dual Federalism
A concept whereby this President believed in the ability of the states and the individuals to have increased responsibility in the federal government
Jeffersonian Democracy
The amendment that most people who advocate the rights of the states rely on
10th amendment
The passing down of authority from the national govt to states and localities
Devolution
A concept whereby this president believed that the people could be powerfully involved in their govt, encouraging states to award their electoral votes to that candidate that votes according to the number of popular votes in that state
Jacksonian Democracy
Federal cash payments to states and localities for programs they administer
grant in aid
McCulloch v Maryland
affirmed that national law is supreme to conflicting state law
The national govt assumed its greatest power during
The Great Depression and afterwards
A government that met to discuss issues but would not be in direct control of the people
republic
A governmental system in which authority is divided between two sovereign levels of govt
federalism
The authority granted to Congress in Article 1, sec 8 of the constitution "to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper" for the implementation of its enumerated powers
Necessary and Proper (Elastic) clause
Called for separate executive and judicial branches. It was based on population and was favored by the large states
The Virginia Plan
Called for bicameral congress. The House of Reps would be based on population, and the Senate would consist of two reps per state. (Combination of the Virginia and New Jersey Plans)
The Great Compromise
Neither life, liberty, or property shall be taken away without due process
Due process clause
In defense of their position, gun control advocates argue that the right to bear arms outlined in the 2nd amendment relates only to
state militias
Which president was responsible for desegregation of the armed forces
Harry Truman
Most protections outlined in the Bill of Rights now apply to the states as a result of the SC's interpretation of the
Due process clause
In Brown v Board of Education, the SC mandated an end to
Segregation in public schools
Which president sent federal troops into Little Rock to assist with school desegregation
Eisenhower