Create an account
the process by which sectors of society and culture are removed from the domination of religious institutions and symbols
The Sacred Canopy
Written by Peter Berger - argued that religious pluralism would inevitably lead to secularization
Religious decline, past piety, failure to Christianize, religion adn science, eastern revivals, other religions
Religious Economies Model
comes out of the Rational Choice Theory; explains competitive religious markets; accounts for increased religious participation
Sect Characteristics: usually the product of a schism, sees itself not as a new religious body, formation is more likely to happen in a tolerant society, formation increases in times of hardship
Religion (according to sociologists)
religions is a group phenomenon; a socially organized and patterned set of beliefs and practices that concern ultimate meaning and assumed existence of the supernatural
social, membership by birth, link to political structure, formal, bureaucratic, formal training for leaders, few demands on members ex. Christian Church
no formal link to political structures, respectable but no official power, varieties and tolerance, widespread membership and longevity ex. Protestant Church, Orthodox Church
Conscious acceptance, small groups, broken off from denominations; typically a doctrinal dispute, require intense loyalty and commitment ex. Amish, Jehovah's Witnesses
Smile Durkheim and Religion
sough to locate the essential and permanent features of religion, qualities which would exist in all religions
Karl Marx and Religion
false consciousness, the opiate of the masses, allows ruling class to stay in power
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together