14 terms

Urbanization and Immigration

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social Darwinism
A social theory which states that the level a person rises to in society and wealth is determined by their genetic background.
political machines
Corrupt organized groups that controlled political parties in the cities. A boss leads the machine and attempts to grab more votes for his party.
Tammany Hall
a political organization within the Democratic Party in New York city (late 1800's and early 1900's) seeking political control by corruption and bossism
urbanization
An increase in the percentage and in the number of people living in urban settlements.
immigration
Migration to a new location
Dumbell Tenement
all new tenements were to have at least one window in every room and two water closets to a floor; had narrow air shafts on each side of the building, which became receptacles for garbage
Jane Addams
1860-1935. Founder of Settlement House Movement. First American Woman to earn Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 as president of Women's Intenational League for Peace and Freedom.
settlement houses
Community centers located in the slums and near tenements that gave aid to the poor, especially immigrants
Social Gospel
A movement in the late 1800s / early 1900s which emphasized charity and social responsibility as a means of salvation.
nativism
A policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones
Jacob Riis
A Danish immigrant, he became a reporter who pointed out the terrible conditions of the tenement houses of the big cities where immigrants lived during the late 1800s. He wrote How The Other Half Lives in 1890.
Angel Island
Inspection station for immigrants arriving on the West Coast
Ellis Island
Immigration processing center that open in New York Harbor in 1892
Chinese Exclusion Act
(1882) Denied any additional Chinese laborers to enter the country while allowing students and merchants to immigrate.