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The network of trade that linked parts of the pre-Columbian Americas. Provided a means of exchange for luxury goods and ideas over large areas
The largest Buddhism monument anywhere in the world. Example of cultural exchange and syncretism
Ghana, Mali, Songhay
A series of important states that developed in the western and central Sudan, in response to the economic opportunities of trans-Saharan trade
A famous Arab scholar, merchant and public official who visited much of the Islamic world in the 14th century
A powerful state in the African interior that apparently emerged from the growing trade in gold to the East African coast
Indian Ocean Trade Network
The world's largest sea-based system of communication and trade before 1500ce
Oasis cities of Central Asia
Cities such as Merv, Samarkand, Khotan and Dunhuang that became centers of trans-Eurasian trade
Alternating wind currents that blew eastward across the Indian Ocean in the summer and westward during the winter
Speakers of Austronesian languages from what is now Indonesia who became major traders in Southeast Asia and Madagascar
An East African civilization that emerged in the 8th century from a blending of Bantu, Islamic and other Indian Ocean trade elements
A Malay kingdom that dominated the straits of Malacca between 670 and 1025 ce. Noted for its creation of native/indian hybrid culture
trans-Saharan slave trade
A fairly small-scale trade that developed in the 12th century with west African slaves captured in raids being exported across the Sahara for sale mostly as household servants in Islamic North Africa
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