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22 terms

Key Terms, People, and Places

6th grade SS
STUDY
PLAY
loess
Fine windblown dust that can form soil.
staple crop
The major crop that is the basis of the diet.
Nomadic herders
People that herd and do not stay in one place.
arable land
The land that can be used to grow crops. In China, only 15% of the land is arable.
One-child Policy
Act in China that allows people to have only 1 child in the city and sometimes 2 children in the countryside.
Dynasty
A ruling family that holds power for many years.
Confucianism
Based on the ideas of Confucius. The goal is to act according to one's role in society, and honor family.
Daoism
Philosophy of seeking the natural way of the universe. The goal is to follow the dao--which is the rhythm of the universe. They studied nature to harmonize with it's rhythm.
Buddhism
Based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha. The goal is to become free of the pain and suffering of the world.
Command Economy
An economic system in which the government controls a country's economy.
Market Economy
People and individuals make decisions about the economy.
famine
severe food shortage
Shi Huangdi
Emperor during the Qin dynasty, created uniform written language and connected parts of the great wall.
Siddhartha Gautama
The founder of Buddhism
Chiang Kai-shek
Leader of the nationalist party in China
Mao Zedong
Leader of the communist party, and introduced the great leap forward
great leap forward
Mao wanted China to produce more steel. As a result many people died of hunger.
Beijing
capital of China
Plateau of Tibet
The world's largest plateau in west China.
Mongolia
a landlocked socialist republic in central Asia
Yangtze River
the longest river in China
Huang River
Yellow River