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Unit 2 Civics & Economics CATA
Terms in this set (73)
programs intended to make up for past discrimination by helping minority groups and women gain access to jobs and opportunities .
freedom of religion, assembly, petition, press, and speech.
right to bear arms or have weapons
cannot house soldiers without owners permission
an officer needs a warrant and a reason for search and seizures.
rights of accuse persons, no double jeopardy, and cannot be forced to be a witness against yourself.
right to a fair and speedy trial.
right to trial by jury. Civil suit of $20 or more.
no excessive bail, no excessive fines, no cruel and unusual punishment
people's rights are not limited to the ones mentioned in the Constitution.
the states or the people retain all powers except those denied to them or those specifically granted to the federal government.
a citizen in one state cannot sue the government of another state unless it is done in the state being sued.
Electoral college has separate ballots for president and vice president.
Anyone born in the US is a citizen. We are equally protected by the law.
voting rights couldn't be denied b/c of race or color
the federal government can tax our income.
the people directly elect their senators.
prohibition - no alcohol.
Women can vote too.
moved inauguration to January 20th known as Lame Duck Amendment
prohibition repealed. 21 and older to drink
only allowed 2 terms for presidency.
Washington DC is now allowed to have 3 electoral votes.
outlaws poll tax.
Vice President takes over as president if president cannot continue.
have to be 18 years or older to vote
Congress can give themselves a pay raise that applies after reelection.
FORMAL amendment Process
an actual written, numbered amendment to the Constitution.
INFORMAL amendment Process
changes made over time without passing a Constitutional Amendment.
those who opposed ratification of the Constitution.
article about the Legislative Branch.
article about the Executive Branch.
article about the Judicial Branch
article about State Relations.
article about Amendment Process
1) No National Currency
2) Congress could not tax the people.
3) No national Court System
4) No executive branch.
Issues with the Articles of Confederation.
a sum of money used as a security deposit to ensure than an accused person returns for his or her trial.
Bill of Rights
a formal declaration of the legal and civil rights of the citizens of any state, country or federation.
Brown v. Board of Education
a case in which the court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional.
the banning of printed material or films due to alarming or offensive ideas.
Executive checks Legislative
veto legislation, call special sessions, recommend legislation, direct appeal to the people.
Executive Checks Judicial
appoints federal judges
Legislative Checks Executive
power of the purse, impeach president, power to declare war, override vetoes, reject appointments and treaties.
Legislative Checks Judicial
impeach judges, reject appointments, propose amendments, set judicial salary.
Judicial checks executive
declares president's acts unconstitutional, free from executive control .
judicial checks legislative
declares acts of congress unconstitutional.
freedoms to think and act without government interference or fear of unfair legal treatment.
the rights of full citizenship and equality under the law.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
federal powers are shared with state powers.
a group of individuals or state governments
the gathering that drafted the constitution in 1787
powers restricted by the Constitution
the prosecution of a person twice for the same offense.
fair treatment through the normal judicial system
the right of the state to take private property for public use
types of power and power sharing .
supporters of the constitution.
selected to examine the validity of an accusation before trial.
The Great Compromise
combined the Virginia Plan and New Jersey Plan; created a bicameral legislature based on equal representation per state and on state population.
a formal charge or accusation of a serious crime.
a published false statement that is damaging to a person's reputation; a written defamation.
New Jersey Plan
a unicameral house; equal representation among the state. (BASICALLY ONLY HAVING A SENATE NO HOR)
gives power to the people, a republic.
a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives.
Rule of Law
government is limited to those powers given to it by the people.
the right to vote in political elections
congress representation based on population of states.