22 terms

APES Chapter 9 Vocab

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Aquifers
small spaces found within permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain water
Saltwater Intrusion
A infiltration of salt water in an area where groundwater pressure has been reduced from the drilling of wells
Dikes
A structure built to prevent ocean waters form flooding adjacent land
Unconfined Aquifers
Water can easily flow in and out
Floodplain
The land adjacent to a river
Dam
A barrier that runs across a river or stream to control the flow of water
Confined Aquifers
Impermeable layer impedes water flow to or from the aquifer
Oligotrophic
Low level of productivity
Reservoir
A body of water created by blocking the natural flow of a waterway
Water Table
Uppermost level at which the water in a given area fully saturates the rock or soil
Mesotrophic
Moderate level of productivity
Fish Ladders
A stair-like structure that allows migrating fish to get around a dam
Recharge
Water from precipitation can percolate through soil, works way into an aquifer
Eutrophic
High level of productivity
Aqueducts
A canal or ditch used to carry water from one location to another
Springs
A natural source of water formed when water from an aquifer pecolates up to te ground surface
Impermeable Surfaces
Pavement or buildings that don't allow water penetration
Desalinization
The process of removing salt from salt water
Artesian Wells
Drilling hole into confined aquifer, which releases pressure on the water, allowing it to burst out of aquifer and rise up well.
Levee
An enlarged bank built up on each side of a river to prevent flooding
Hydroponic Agriculture
The cultivation of plantsin greenhouse conditions by immersing roots in a nutrient-rich solution
Cone of Depression
An area where the water has been rapidly withdrawn