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89 terms

History Finals (2nd Semester)

STUDY
PLAY
acropolis
high part of city, an "upper city"; a common feature of ancient Greek cities; an elevated site for religious observances
agora
the marketplace in ancient Greece
gymnasium
place for training
stadium
long racing track
theater
large gathering place in greek
democracy
people rule
phalanx
large group of soldiers that are on foot with stuff
city-states
is an independent or autonomous entity whose territory consists of a city which is not administered as a part of another local government.
helots
did all the work in greek
bard
..., a poet, often a singer as well
list 4 facts about sparta
was the first city_state
2
philosers and foreigners were not welcome
3
at age 7 boys began training
4
most men didntknow how to write or read
athens facts
city state that was the greatest cultrul center
2
at age 7 they were trained to be good citizens
3
idea of democracy was developed there
4
at age 18 boys became citizens after they took a pledge
aesop
Greek slave wrote fables
Phoenician alphabet
Alphabet developed by the Phoenicians that became the model for later Western alphabets.
Romulus and Remus
rome was named after them
homer
a blind poet
julias caesar
crossed the Rubicon
zeus
the Greek god who was honored by the Olympics
patricians
were from wealthy families
senate
the oldest and wisest elders in rome
Augustus Caesar
first emperor of Rome
hannibal
general who commanded the Carthaginian army in the second Punic War; crossed the Alps and defeated the Romans but was recalled to defend Carthage and was defeated
Daniel
man that said there would be a empire that was like iron
plebians
common people
weather
can change from day to day
snow line
where their is snow all year
precipitation
rain sleet snow
climate
weather conditions over a region
tropics
torrid zone
temperature zone
neither cold or hot
torrid
means schorching
timber line
a point were trees dont grow
highlands
the climate on mountains
the culture that influenced the romans
greek
all roads lead to rome
the romans built a system of roads that led to rome
dictator
a person who rules
language of rome
latin
pax roma
the 200 years of peace at the beginning roman empires.
punic wars
A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage a city in north africa
carthage
destroyed bt romans
pergamum
first Asian provenience
rome
city of seven hills
alps
Europe's highest mountains
aqueduct
a pipeline or channel built to carry water to populated areas
atrium
the central area in a building
census
official count of the population
concrete
used to provied strenght to buildings in rome
salt
they put it around carthsge
polycarp
christian leader arested
huss
found Wycliffe writing and got convinced that the bible is the truth
waldo
had the bible translate who lived in the alps
luther
The founder of Protestantism whose religion, based on 95 Theses, rejected Catholic orthodoxy, the sale of indulgences, and papal authority.
paul
first great missinour to christine
constatine
let the chris go free
Wycliffe
translated the bible from latin to english
manor
land owned by the lord
knights
trained warrior for a lord
moat
A deep ditch around a castle, usually filled with water
fall of rome
event that began the middle ages
hermits
monks that lived alone
serfs
promised to work for lords
pilgrimage
a journey to a holy place
protestan reformation
a religious movement in the 1500's that split the christian church in west europe and led to the establishment of a number of new churches
printing press
invented by Johann Gutenberg in 1454; first book was Gutenberg Bible
95 theses
Arguments written by Martin Luther against the Catholic church. They were posted on Octobe 31, 1517.
captain cook
the greatest explorer of his time
william Shakespeare
one of the greatest writers of all time
sir walter Raleigh
Englishman who tried to start the colony of Roanoke in America
George Whitefield
preacher who drew large crowds during the great awakening
James Watt
created the steam engine
Socrates
Came up with the method of asking questions to prove statements
John Cabot
explored the New England coastline of the americas for england
Robert Raikes
1780- First Sunday School, Gloucester, England. Started because kids were getting in trouble on the weekends
Florence Nightingale
Founder of modern nursing
Winston Churchill
leader of Great Britain during WWII
Sir Frances Drake
First englishman to sail around the world
Sir Christopher Wren
architect who helped rebuild London after the great fire
largest country in the world??
Russia
Europe
Only cotinent with no large desert.
Caspain Sea
World's largest lake?
Rhine River
Europe's most important inland waterway?
Alps
Europe's largest mountain system?
Mt. Elbrus
Highest spot in Europe?