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POLS module 3 practice quiz
Terms in this set (27)
Car emissions cause environmental damages that affect many people, not just the people who drive cars. The damages are an example of which of the following?
In a _______ authority is held by independent states and delegated to a central government by consensus or agreements.
The relationship between state and local governments in the United States is a _________ one.
Which of the following describes an essential characteristic of a federal system?
the same land and citizens are included in both levels of government
In the United States, the legal basis of local government activity is derived from which of the following?
The difference between dual federalism and shared federalism is:
in shared federalism national and state governments both share power over some of the same areas, whereas in dual federalism they each have their own nonoverlapping and exclusive spheres of sovereignty
Which of the following is an example of shared authority between national and state governments?
taking property through eminent domain
Which of the following is an example of exclusive authority enjoyed by state governments?
The legal basis of nationalization—the assumption of ever greater authority and responsibility by the national government over time—can be found in which of the following sections of the Constitution?
commerce clause,elastic clause, supremacy clause(all the above)
Which of the following was at issue in the Supreme Court case McCulloch v. Maryland in 1819?
whether a state could impose taxes on a national bank chartered by the national government
In which of the following cases did the Supreme Court determine that only Congress can regulate interstate commerce?
Gibbons v Ogden
All of the following offer plausible arguments in favor of nationalization except
historically, moving large blocks of domestic policy from the state to national level has succeeded in drastically increasing conformity costs
Which of the following institutions offered the stiffest resistance to efforts by the Roosevelt administration to nationalize various aspects of national economic management during the New Deal?
The Supreme Court
Which of the following lessons is apparent from efforts to nationalize education policy under the 2001 "No Child Left Behind" legislation?
the high conformity costs associated with imposing a uniform set of standards on states with different needs
Why were states better off delegating the authority to set national labor standards and a minimum wage during the 1930s?
by delegating authority to the national government, states avoided cutthroat competition that would have driven down standards and wages
Which of the following provides a compelling political logic for nationalization?
passing a single national law might be easier than changing laws in all 50 states; those who favor a policy that is opposed in communities where it needs to be enforced can still succeed if the policy is favored by national majorities; those who oppose nationalization of a policy might nonetheless prefer a single national policy to 50 different regulatory regimes(all the above)
Which of the following best describes what the 1995 Supreme Court decision in United States v. Lopez argued?
congress must establish a concrete connection betweeb a law's provision and interstate commerce before superseding policies that traditionally fall under state jurisdiction
Matching grants encourage greater spending by states on social services by which of the following mechanisms?
by passing more of the costs of expanding programs to the federal government
Matching grants sometimes create moral hazards because:
they give states an incentive to spend more on programs so that they can receive more money for them from the national government, bu they also make cutting spending form these programs more difficult
_______ are stipulations that a state, in order to remain eligible for full federal funding for one program, must adhere to the guidelines of a second, unrelated program.
Getting states to raise their drinking age to twenty-one by tying having a drinking age of twenty-one to receiving federal highway funding is an example of:
a crossover sanction
Under federal law, all state programs that involve major construction and changes in established land uses must file environmental impact statements with the federal government. This rule is an example of which of the following?
The system of government in which a single government body holds the power to govern the nation is known as which of the following?
Which of the following characteristics do local governments lack?
exercising independent,constitutional authority
Why don't individual states reach formal agreements to deal with their collective problems
such agreements are prohibited by the Constitution
Why do members of Congress find unfunded mandates so politically appealing?
they can respond to constituents without being responsible for paying the costs
Federal laws that assert the national government's prerogative to control public policy in a particular field are known as:
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