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Chapter 13 World History (Multiple Choice)
Terms in this set (21)
What was the extent of Clovis' kingdom?
Pyrenees to Central Europe
What title did Pepin II receive when he was crowned by the pope?
"King by the Grace of God"
What title did Charlemagne receive when he was crowned by the pope?
At what times during the course of a year were vassals required, upon demand, to attend their lord's court?
Christmas, Easter, Whitesunday (Pentecost)
What was the usual length of the military service per year required of a vassal to his lord?
What was the life expectancy of a medieval noble?
What was the life expectancy of a medieval peasant?
What was the value of the code of chivalry?
Source of inspiration
During the period from 500 - 1500 A.D., a new society emerged in Europe. What were the roots/foundations of this society?
Classical heritage of Rome; beliefs of the Roman Catholic Church; the customs of the various Germanic tribes
By the early 800s, several languages had evolved from Latin. What did the development of various languages mirror?
The continued breakup of a once-unified empire
What motivated Charles Martel to organize Frankish troops of mounted knights?
He observed the Muslim cavalry often turned the tides of battle
What two changes in military technology changed the manner in which warfare was conducted in the 8th century?
Leather saddles, stirrups
What was the primary/chief cause of the split that created the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church?
Fall of the Roman Empire
What was the primary reason for kings and feudal rulers using Church officials to administer government?
It helped give nobles control over the clergy
In what ways did the Medieval Church attempt to protect women?
Set minimum age for marriage (12 for girls); fined men who seriously injured wives
What vows were taken by monks as part of the Benedictine Rule?
poverty; chastity; obedience to abbot
What problems developed as the Roman Catholic Church became a wealthy and powerful institution in Western Europe?
It caused power struggles between popes and emperors to develop
What three controversial practices were outlawed by Pope Gregory VII during his papacy?
Lay investiture; simony; priests marrying
What Muslim principle is seen in the toleration that Muslims gave to Jews and Christians in el-Andalus?
The Qur'an forbade forced conversion
What made "interdict" such a powerful Church weapon during the Middle Ages?
Most sacraments could not be performed in a certain area of land, which caused a ruler to obey the pope's commands
In the technology of warfare, what was the significance of the Battle of Legnano?
Crossbows beat feudal knights for the first time
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