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Chapter 11 Key Terms

Marco Polo

Venetian traveler who explored Asia in the 13th century and served Kublai Khan (1254-1324)


a diversion that occupies one's time and thoughts (usually pleasantly)

Cosimo de' Medici

In 1443 he took control of the city. The Medici family ran the government from behind the scenes. using their wealth and personal influence, cosimo and later his son


The great period of rebirth in art, literature, and learning in the 14th-16th centuries, which marked the transition into the modern periods of European history


a renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements

Dante Alighieri

an Italian poet famous for writing the Divine Comedy that describes a journey through hell and purgatory and paradise guided by Virgil and his idealized Beatrice (1265-1321)

Niccolo Machiavelli

Italian Renaissance writer, described government in the way it actually worked (ruthless). He wrote The Prince (the end justifies the mean).


the appearance of things relative to one another as determined by their distance from the viewer


Florentine sculptor and painter and architect

Leonardo da Vinci

Italian Renaissance artist that painted The Last Supper and Mona Lisa, he was also an engineer, architect, sculptor, and scientist.


"Father of Humanism." studied classical Greek and Latin. introduced emotion in "Sonnets to Laura"

Johann Gutenberg

German printer who was the first in Europe to print using movable type and the first to use a press (1400-1468)

Christian humanism

a movement that developed in northern Europe during the renaissance combining classical learning with the goal of reforming the catholic church

Desiderius Erasmus

Priest from the Netherlands that wanted to combine humanism and Christianity

Albrecht Dürer

a leading German painter and engraver of the Renaissance (1471-1528)

Miguel de Cervantes

Author of Don Quixote who was believed to write the book in order to mock chivalry or to write about an idealistic person who longs for romantic past because is frustrated with material world.

William Shakespeare

English poet and dramatist considered one of the greatest English writers (1564-1616)

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