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when the source of a sound is closer, the frequency gets higher (inverse relationship)
when an object is going faster than the speed of sound and creates a condensation/Mach cone
vibrations cause these hair cells to move, which creates nerve signals that are then sent to the brain
Major Contribution: won Nobel Prize in 1921 for the photoelectric effect
Fun Fact: came up with the special theory of relativity
Alessandro (Giusseppe Antonio Anastasio) Volta
Major Contribution: credited with the development of the first modern battery (Voltaic pile)
Fun Fact: was made a Count by Emperor Napoleon
Georg Simon Ohm
Major Contribution: Ohm's law (V = IR)
Fun Fact: spent most of his life as a high school teacher
James Gaius Watt
Major Contribution: credited with partly starting the industrial revolution
Fun Fact:improved the steam engine
Major Contribution: invented the fiber optic cable
Fun Fact: considered "father of broadband technology"
Major Contribution: first person to broadcast and receive a radio wave
Fun Fact: the measure of frequency (Hertz) was named in his honor
Major Contribution:determined that the speed of sound depends on the medium, temperature of medium can affect speed
Fun Fact: his other work included wave particle physics and inertia of stars
Major Contribution:discovered the Doppler effect
Fun Fact:was born into a family of stonemasons but was to weak for manual labor
Major Contribution:determined the universal constant for gravity (9.8 m/s²)
Fun Fact:discovered hydrogen but it wasn't named
Major Contribution: universal gravitation and Newton's laws of motion
Fun Fact:first scientist to be buried at Westminster Abbey
Major Contribution:brought the most complex scientific subjects to the mainstream through his writing
Fun Fact:first person to artificially produce ATP
Major Contribution:first person to explain how planets orbit the sun
Fun Fact: determined Christ's birthday
Major Contribution:drew cartoons that inspired the building of the first Rube Goldberg machines
Fun Fact: had a Civil Engineering degree for UCSF
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